339th Infantry Regiment

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339th Regiment
339th Infantry Regiment
Men of the 339th Infantry in Northern Russia.jpg
Men of the 339th Infantry during the Polar Bear Expedition.
Active 1918-1919
Country  United States
Branch  United States Army
Type Infantry
Size Regiment

Russian Civil War

The 339th Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment of the United States Army, raised for service in both World War I and World War II.

World War I[edit]

The 339th Regiment was created in June 1918, composed mainly of young draftees, for the purpose of fighting on the Western Front in France. Most of the 4,487 men were from Michigan, but some 500 draftees from Wisconsin were included. It was commonly referred to as "Detroits Own". They were sent to fight the Bolsheviks in Northern Russia.[1]

The journey to Archangel went via England, where they were outfitted with English winter equipment. Only after leaving England, were the men told of their destination. Spanish Influenza broke out on two of the three transports, and seventy-two men would eventually succumb to the disease or resultant pneumonia.[1]

World War II[edit]

The 339th Infantry Regiment was later reactivated in 1942, during World War II, to serve in the European theater, fighting in the Allied campaign in Italy from 1944 to 1945.[2] The regiment was assigned to the 85th Infantry Division.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Rhodes, Benjamin D. (1988). The Anglo-American Winter War with Russia, 1918-1919, Greenwood Press, Inc. Connecticut, USA ISBN 0-313-26132-6.
  2. ^ "339th Infantry in World War II". Retrieved 25 December 2013.