3rd Armoured Division (Syria)

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3rd Armoured Division
الفرقة الثالثة المدرعة
Flag of Syria.svg
Active 1971 – present
Country  Syria
Allegiance Military of Syria
Branch Syrian Army
Type Armoured Division
Role Armoured warfare
Size up to 15,000
Garrison/HQ Al-Qutayfah (Division HQ)
Douma (65th Brigade)
Engagements

Yom Kippur War
Lebanese Civil War

Islamic uprising in Syria

Syrian Civil War

Commanders
Current Commander Maj. Gen. Naim Jasem Suleiman
Brigade Commanders Brig. Gen. Jihad Mohamed Sultan (65th Brigade)
Notable
commanders
Shafiq Fayadh

The 3rd Armoured Division is a formation of the Syrian Army responsible for securing the northern approach to Damascus. The Division is based in a military complex near Qutayfah[2] and has traditionally been seen as one of the Assad Government's most reliable conventional Divisions.[3]

Structure[edit]

The Division is part of the Syrian Army's 3rd Corps,[4] and is composed of 47th Armoured Brigade, the 65th Armoured Brigade, the 81st Armoured Brigade, the 21st Mechanized Brigade, and an unknown Artillery Regiment.[1]

As of 2011 the Division was under the command of Maj. Gen. Naim Jasem Suleiman.[5] The 65th Brigade was under the command of Brig. Gen. Jihad Mohamed Sultan.[5]

History[edit]

Islamic Uprising in Syria[edit]

The Division, under General Shafiq Fayadh, played a key role in defeating the Muslim Brotherhood uprising in the 1980s. During the conflict the entire Division was deployed to Aleppo in March 1980, and garrisoned the city for an entire year. Patrick Seale wrote on how the Division had "a tank in almost every street.” Seale also wrote of an incident where General Fayadh stood on the turret of a tank and proclaimed that “he was prepared to kill a thousand men a day to rid the city of the vermin of the Muslim Brothers.”[3]

The Division was also used in the Government assault on Hama, with the Division's 47th Armoured and 21st Mechanized Brigades providing the backbone of the assault.[3]

Muslim Brotherhood reports following the uprising suggested that three quarters of the officers, and a third of the soldiers of these brigades were Alawites.[3]

1984 coup attempt[edit]

The Division, under Fayadh, also played a key role in blocking an attempted coup in 1984 by Rifaat al-Assad. The 3rd Division, along with Ali Haydar's Special Forces and the Republican Guard, engaged with Rifaat's Defence Companies in Damascus. While the Special Forces deployed anti-Tank platoons on the streets of Damascus to confront Rifaat's armoured columns and surrounded Rifaat's bases with snipers, Fayadh's armoured forces provided the armoured back-up and firepower to completely insulate Damascus from the outside, so that Defense Company units outside of Damascus ( in Lebanon and further north) could not come inside Damascus, and the 30,000 or so of Rifaat's forces within the environs of Damascus were effectively trapped.[3]

Role in the civil war[edit]

Main article: Syrian civil war

Human Rights Watch accused the Division of involvement in the suppression of protests at the beginning of the Syrian Civil War. Specifically, the Division was alleged to have been involved in the violent suppression of protests in Douma[6] and Daraa[7] in April 2011. In Douma, the Division was allegedly involved in arbitrary arrests, the looting of homes, and the shooting of unarmed protesters.[5]

The Division has since been involved in the Rif Dimashq Governorate campaign.

On February 8, 2016, HQ 3rd Div and 155 and 156 Brigades were reported at Qalamoun.[8]

References[edit]