4th Tank Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

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4th Tank Division
Chi-Nu 4th Tank Division.JPG
Type 3 Chi-Nu tanks of 4th Tank Division
Active 1944–1945
Country  Empire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Type Armored division
Garrison/HQ Chiba, Chiba
Nickname(s) 鋼=Hagane (Steel)
Engagements World War II

The 4th Tank Division (戦車第4師団 Sensha Dai-yon Shidan?), was one of four armored divisions of the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.

History[edit]

The 4th Tank Division was raised on July 6, 1944 in Chiba, near Tokyo.[1] It lacked both infantry and self-propelled gun regiments.[1] Similar to the German Panzer-Lehr-Division, it was created out of the training departments of the Armor School, Cavalry School, Field Artillery School and Military Engineering School of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy, its remaining students and staff. Assigned to the IJA 36th Army, it was assigned to the defense of the Japanese home islands against the projected Allied invasion.[1] The 4th Tank Division based in Fukuoka on Kyushu had a "significant" number of the Type 3 Chi-Nu medium tanks available at its depot by the end of the war.[2]

As an instructor's formation, it was seen as an elite unit and is equipped with the finest and most advanced armaments. Following Japan's surrender on Sept 3, 1945, the 4th Tank Division was officially demobilized with the rest of the Imperial Japanese Army, without having seen combat.

Commanding officer[edit]

Name From To
1 Lieutenant General Shiori Nagura 8 July 1944 12 August 1945
2 Major General Prince Kanin Haruhito 12 August 1945 16 August 1945
3 Lieutenant General Shiori Nagura 16 August 1945 30 September 1945

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Rottman & Takizawa 2008, p. 12.
  2. ^ Tomczyk 2005, p. 15.

References[edit]

  • Frank, Richard B (1999). Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41424-X. 
  • Jowett, Bernard (1999). The Japanese Army 1931-45 (Volume 2, 1942-45). Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-354-3. 
  • Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937–1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW. 
  • Rottman, Gordon L.; Takizawa, Akira (2008). World War II Japanese Tank Tactics. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1846032349. 
  • Tomczyk, Andrzej (2005). Japanese Armor Vol. 4. AJ Press. ISBN 978-8372371676. 

External links[edit]