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|Centuries:||1st century BC – 1st century – 2nd century|
|Decades:||20s 30s 40s – 50s – 60s 70s 80s|
|Years:||53 54 55 – 56 – 57 58 59|
|56 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||809|
|Chinese calendar||乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
2752 or 2692
— to —
丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
2753 or 2693
|Coptic calendar||−228 – −227|
|- Vikram Samvat||112–113|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||3157–3158|
|Iranian calendar||566 BP – 565 BP|
|Islamic calendar||583 BH – 582 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1856 before ROC
|Seleucid era||367/368 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||598–599|
Year 56 (LVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known in the Roman Empire as the Year of the Consulship of Saturninus and Scipio (or, less frequently, year 809 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 56 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- War between Rome and Parthia breaks out due to the invasion of Armenia by Vologases I, who had replaced the Roman supported ruler with his brother Tiridates I of Armenia.
- Publius Clodius Thrasea Paetus becomes a consul in Rome.
- The Jianwu era of the Eastern Han Dynasty changes to the Jianwuzhongyuan era.
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