5th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment

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5th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Flag of West Virginia.svg
Flag of West Virginia
Active October 18, 1861, to November 9, 1864
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements Battle of McDowell
Battle of Cross Keys
Battle of Cedar Mountain
Battle of Groveton
Second Battle of Bull Run
Battle of Cloyd's Mountain
Second Battle of Kernstown
Battle of Berryville
Third Battle of Winchester
Battle of Fisher's Hill
Battle of Cedar Creek

The 5th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.


The regiment was organized at Ceredo, West Virginia, beginning on September 3, 1861, and mustered in on October 18, 1861. Although organized as a "Virginia" regiment the majority of men were recruited from southern Ohio and eastern Kentucky.[1] Lawrence County, Ohio, alone provided 419 men to the regiment.[2] Served Unattached, District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, to March, 1862. District of Cumberland, Md., Mountain Department, to April, 1862. Milroy's Independent Brigade, Mountain Department, to June, 1862. Milroy's Independent Brigade, 1st Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Defenses of Washington, D.C., to October, 1862. District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, Dept. Ohio, to January, 1863. Unattached, District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, Scammon's Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to November, 1864.

Detailed Service[edit]

Duty at Ceredo and in the Kanawha Valley, W. Va., to December 10, 1861. Moved to Parkersburg, W. Va., December 10, thence to New Creek, W. Va., February, 1862. Linn Creek, Logan County, February 8. Duty at New Creek until May. Joined Milroy's Brigade May 2. Battle of McDowell May 8. Near Franklin May 10–12 and May 26. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. At Strasburg June 20-July 5. Advance to Luray July 5–11. Moved to Sperryville July 11, thence to Woodville July 22, and duty there until August 9. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Cedar Run August 10 Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 20–23. Freeman's Ford, Hazel River, August 22. Johnson's Ford August 22. Waterloo Bridge August 24–25. Gainesville August 28. Groveton August 29. During the Second Battle of Bull Run on August 30, the regiment was sent by Gen. Milroy to link up with an Ohio infantry regiment to try to provide support for other units attempting to hold Gen. Stonewall Jackson's line at the unfinished railroad tracks just down from Henry Hill. The units became lost and ended up right in the middle of Jackson's line. After a short skirmish, the 5th West Virginia pulled back to regroup. Eventually they were directed to try to support the Union troops trying to hold Henry Hill, with Gen. Milroy waving his saber in a desperate attempt to stop the tide of soldiers escaping the tremendous onslaught reigning down on them from the Confederates. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until September 29. Moved to Beverly, W. Va., September 29-October 9. Parkersburg October 10. Duty at Ceredo until March, 1863. Scouting Little Kanawha and east side of Big Sandy Rivers. Ordered to Wayne Court House March. Hurricane Creek March 28. At Charlestown, Barboursville, Hurricane Bridge and other points in the Kanawha Valley until April, 1864. Scammon's demonstration from the Kanawha Valley December 8–25, 1863. Crook's Raid on the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2–19, 1864. Rocky Gap May 6. Battle of Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge May 10. Blacksburg May 10. Union May 12. Meadow Bluff May 24. Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Lexington June 11–12. Buchanan June 14. Otter Creek June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17–18. Buford's Gap June 19. Salem June 21. Moved to the Shenandoah Valley July 13–15. Kablestown July 19. Battle of Kernstown, Winchester, July 23–24 Martinsburg July 25. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 1. Strasburg August 15. Summit Point August 24. Halltown August 2. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Veterans of the regiment were consolidated with 9th West Virginia Infantry November 9, 1864, to form the 1st West Virginia Veteran Volunteer Infantry Regiment.[3]


The 5th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment suffered 4 officers and 57 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded in battle and 2 officers and 88 enlisted men dead from disease for a total of 151 fatalities.[1]


  • Colonel John L. Zeigler, October 18, 1861.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Stephen P. Colvin, October 18, 1861.
  • Major Ralph Ormstead, October 18, 1861.[4]


  1. ^ Dickinson, Jack L., Wayne County, West Virginia, in the Civil War, Higginson Book Co., 2003, pg. 136
  2. ^ Taylor, Charles B., ed., A Standard History of the Hanging Rock Iron Region of Ohio..., Lewis Publishing Co, 1916, pg. 290
  3. ^ "5th Regiment Infantry". Civil War Archive. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  4. ^ Loyal West Virginia 1861-1865, by Theodore Lang

See also[edit]