7/12 extract

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The 7/12 extract is an extract from the land register maintained by the revenue department of the governments of Maharashtra and Gujarat, states in India. The extract gives information of the survey number of the land, the name of the owner of the land and its cultivator, the area of the land, the type of cultivation - whether irrigated or rain fed, the crops planted in the last cultivating season. It also records loans extended to the land owner given by government agencies, including the purpose - such as loans or subsidies for buying seeds, pesticides or fertilisers, for which the loan was given, the loans could be given to the owner or the cultivator.[1] It is one of the documents that provides evidence of the ownership of the land it represents.[2] In rural areas the ownership of a particular plot of land can be established on the basis of the 7/12 extract. It is called as "Record of Rights"[3] or "Record of Land Rights"[4] A 2009 news story informs that 2.11 crore extracts in all the 358 talukas of the state of Maharashtra have been digitised. This digitisation has been implemented as promoted by India's central government.[4] In April 2012, online mutation to the extract has started in 3 centres in Pune a district in Maharashtra, these mutations will record changes subsequent to transfer of ownership. This system connectivity between the offices of the sub-register (Department of Registration and Stamps), the tehsildar (Revenue department) and the Land records department.[5]


The name originates from Bombay Land Requisition Act 1948 (see point 7. Continuance of requisition (page4) and 12. Power to obtain information(page12))[6]


  1. ^ Vasudha Dhagamwar (13 February 2006). Role And Image of Law in India: The Tribal Experience. SAGE. p. 313. ISBN 978-0-7619-3394-6. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  2. ^ M. G. Shah; C. M. Kale; S. Y. Patki (2002). Building Drawing: With an Integrated Approach to Built Environment. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-07-463876-7. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  3. ^ "History". NIC District Centre, Nandurbar. Nandurbar: National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Land records: now, get computerised 7×12 extracts". The Indian Express (Online). New Delhi: The Indian Express Limited. 2009-06-18. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  5. ^ "Online land mutation starts". The Indian Express (Online). New Delhi: The Indian Express Limited. 2012-04-11. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  6. ^ http://bombayhighcourt.nic.in/libweb/acts/1948.33.pdf

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