|707 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1460|
|Balinese saka calendar||628–629|
|Chinese calendar||丙午年 (Fire Horse)|
3403 or 3343
— to —
丁未年 (Fire Goat)
3404 or 3344
|- Vikram Samvat||763–764|
|- Shaka Samvat||628–629|
|- Kali Yuga||3807–3808|
|Japanese calendar||Keiun 4|
|Minguo calendar||1205 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1018/1019 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1249–1250|
833 or 452 or −320
— to —
834 or 453 or −319
Year 707 (DCCVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 707 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Arab–Byzantine War: An Umayyad army under Maslamah ibn Abd al-Malik invades Asia Minor, and lays siege to Tyana (Cappadocia). The fortress city resists, dragging the siege through the winter and into 708.
- The Muslim-Arabs conquer the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea (approximate date).
- The first Islamic hospital (bimaristan) is founded in Damascus (approximate date).
- July 18 – Emperor Monmu dies after a 10-year reign. He is succeeded by his aunt Genmei, who becomes the 43rd empress of Japan. She is the sister of former empress Jitō, and the niece and wife of late emperor Tenmu.
- October 18 – Pope John VII dies at Rome after a 19-month reign. A prolonged sede vacante exists, until the ratification of the election of Sisinnius by the Exarch of Ravenna, in early 708.
- Abd al-Rahman al-Awza'i, Muslim scholar (d. 774)
- Theudoald, mayor of the palace of Austrasia (or 708)
- July 18 – Monmu, emperor of Japan (b. 683)
- August 7 – Li Chongjun, crown prince of the Tang Dynasty
- October 18 – Pope John VII
- Abbo II, bishop of Metz (approximate date)
- Hidulf, bishop of Trier (approximate date)
- John Maron, Syriac monk and patriarch (b. 628)
- Li Duozuo, general of the Tang Dynasty
- Wu Sansi, official of the Tang Dynasty