9 cm kanon PL vz. 12/20

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9 cm PL kanon vz. 12/20
Type Anti-aircraft gun
Place of origin Czechoslovakia
Service history
In service 1920-1945?
Used by Czechoslovakia
Nazi Germany
Soviet Union
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer Škoda Works
Manufacturer Škoda Works
Weight 6,500 kilograms (14,300 lb)
Barrel length 4.05 metres (13 ft 3 in) L/45

Shell weight 10.2 kilograms (22 lb 8 oz)
Caliber 90 millimetres (3.5 in)
Elevation -5° to +90°
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 12 rpm
Muzzle velocity 775 metres per second (2,540 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 6,000 metres (20,000 ft) vertical ceiling

The 9 cm PL kanon vz. 12/20 (Anti-aircraft Gun Model 12/20) was a Czech anti-aircraft gun used during the Second World War. Those weapons captured after the German occupation of Czechoslovakia in March 1939 were taken into Wehrmacht service as the 9 cm Flak M 12(t). Some guns were reportedly captured in Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union as well. Twenty were in Czech service during the Munich Crisis in September 1938.[1] Twelve were in German service between August 1943 and June 1944.[2]


The PL kanon vz. 12/20 was a modernized version of a pre-World War I anti-aircraft gun. It was mounted on a fixed pedestal.


  1. ^ "Statistické údaje výzbroje Čs. armády v roce 1938". 24 March 2005. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  2. ^ Gander and Chamberlain, p. 153


  • Gander, Terry; Chamberlain, Peter (1979). Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-15090-3. 

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