9th Hussar Regiment
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|9th Hussar Regiment
9e régiment de hussards
Standard of the 9th Hussar Regiment
|Decorations||Gold Medal of the City of Milan|
|Battle honours||Zurich 1799
La Moskowa 1812
The 9th Hussar Regiment (9e régiment de hussards) was a hussar regiment of the French Army. The 9th Hussar Regiment fought in the Napoleonic Wars, World War I and the Algerian War before finally being disbanded in 1979.
The regiment's ancestry is drawn from two separate units, one originating in a squadron of the Hussards de la Liberté and the other in the Régiment des Guides.
The Revolutionary Wars
Its origins lay in the Hussards de la Liberté, set up on 2 September 1792 and by a royal decree dated 23 November 1792. This unit was divided into two squadrons of 200 men each (the first squadron made up of volunteers from Paris and the second from volunteers from Lille) and came ninth in the army order of precedence by a decree of the French National Convention of 4 June 1793. On 25 March 1793, that unit's second squadron became the 10th Hussar Regiment (whilst on 1 May 1794 the first squadron of the Hussards de la Liberté became the 7e régiment bis de hussards). On 4 June 1794, after the defection of the 4th Hussar Regiment, the 10th Hussar Regiment was re-numbered as the 9th Hussar Regiment. In 1795, the regiment was involved in the Vendée Revolt. It was part of the Army of the Rhine in 1796 and the Army of the Danube in 1798. It was known as the Hussards Rouges or Red Hussars after its scarlet dolmans.
The Napoleonic Wars
It then formed part of the Grande Armée from 1805 onwards.
In 1805 it took part in the Battle of Austerlitz.
In 1812 it took part in the French invasion of Russia, it took part in the battle of Borodino.
What remained of the regiment after the retreat through Germany was converted into the régiment de Berry-hussards (with precedence number 6) on 12 May 1814.
In The Industrial Age
On 27 September 1840, by decree of Louis Philippe I of France, the 9th Hussars was re-created out of detachments from the 1st Hussar Regiment, 3rd Hussar Regiment, 4th Hussar Regiment, 6th Hussar Regiment and 9th Mounted Chasseur Regiment. Its dolman was now black and it was nicknamed the Hussards Noirs or Black Hussars, a name it held until the proclamation of the Second French Empire. On 4 May 1856 it was disbanded.
Régiment des Guides
Meanwhile, in 1852, the Régiment des Guides was formed. On 1 May 1854 this became the régiment des guides de la Garde Impériale, then in 1871 a new 9th Hussar Regiment.
World War I
The 9th Hussars were mobilized on 2 August 1914, commanded by Colonel Burette. The regiment was positioned between 14th and 21st Corps, fighting in the Battle of the Frontiers. On 19 September, the regiment was transported by rail to the Somme where it faced the 21st Prussian Corps. The 9th Hussars became part of the 1st Cavalry Corps on 21 October and participated in the Race to the Sea. Brought back to Amiens in December, the 9th Hussars were in operations on the Somme until August 1916. On 6 August 1916, the regiment was relocated to take part in the Second Battle of Champagne, as part of 14th Corps. The 9th Hussars attacked on 26 September, suffering heavy losses. After the offensive, the regiment was moved to Montbéliard. In response to the German attacks at Verdun, the regiment was transferred to the Meuse on 29 February 1916. In December 1917, the regiment was moved to the Somme again and left on 28 May for the Chemin des Dames. The regiment took part in the Battle of Malmaison from 16 August to 23 October. In November, the 9th Hussars were withdrawn and stationed in Villiers-Cotterets. In January 1918, the regiment moved to Alsace. As part of 14th Corps, the 9th Hussars retreated to the Somme after the Spring Offensive in early April. The regiment participated in the Fifth Battle of Ypres in the last months of the war. The regiment was disbanded in 1922 at Chambéry, where it was then on garrison duties.
World War II and the Cold War
It was briefly re-formed in 1944, before being permanently re-created on 20 May 1956 at Sissonne to fight in Oranie. In 1962 it served as the garrison at Reims, before being disbanded on 1 June 1964, becoming the 18th Dragoon Regiment as the Reims garrison. On 1 July 1964 it was recreated for the Algerian War before being finally disbanded in 1979.
- 1792: Jacques-Polycarpe Morgan
- 1794: Chef de brigade Thierry
- 1798: Nicolas Ducheyron
- 1801: Chef de brigade Guyot
- 1805: Colonel Barbanegre
- 1806: Pierre Edme Gautherin
- 1809: Colonel Louis Charles Gregoire Maignet
- 1840: Colonel Francis Eustache Fulque
- 1848: Colonel Morin
Commanders of the regiment of the Imperial Guard Guides
- 1852: Colonel Fleury
- 1860: Colonel de Montaigu
- 1866: Colonel Joachim Murat
- 1870: Colonel de Percin de Northumberlain
Commanders of the 9th Hussars since 1871
- 1871: Colonel Friant
- 1875: Colonel Gail
- 1884: Colonel Plessis
- 1889: Colonel Ozenne
- 1898: Colonel Devezeaux de Rancougne
- 1906: Colonel Bremond d'Ars
- 1907: Colonel Villeneuve-Bargemon
- 1912: Colonel Burette
- 1918: Colonel Bezard
- 1956: Colonel Lizeray
- 1957: Colonel Delage-Luget
- 1959: Colonel Chazelles
- 1961: Colonel Tartinville
- 1962: Colonel Abrial
- 1964: Colonel Poumarede
- 1965: Lieutenant Colonel Mazarguil
- 1967: Lieutenant Colonel Royer
- 1970: Lieutenant Colonel Lanurien
- 1971: Lieutenant Colonel Aigueperse
- 1972: Lieutenant Colonel Huon de Kermadec
- 1975: Lieutenant Colonel Preaud
- 1977: Colonel Dupont Dinechin
- Ogier d'Ivry, Historique du 9e régiment de hussards, Valence, 1894
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 9th Hussar Regiment (France).|
- Historique des corps de troupe de l'armée française (1569-1900), Ministère de la Guerre, 1900
- André Jouineau et Jean-Marie Mongin, Les hussards français, Tome 1, De l'Ancien Régime à l'Empire, Paris, Éditions Histoire et collection, 2004
- Historique du 9e régiment de hussards - août 1914, novembre 1918, Paris, Charles-lavauzelle, 1920
- Livret d'accueil remis aux nouveaux Hussards lors de l'incorporation .( Provins 1970)
- Revue Gloire et Empire; Revue Napoléon Ier.