A. E. Coleman

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A. E. "Fred" Coleman was a former slave credited with discovering gold in Julian, California and thus launching a minor gold rush in that area.

Coleman was employed as cattle herder and living in the Julian area with his Kumeyaay wife Marian and eleven children.[1] In the winter of 1869, Coleman, while watering his horse in a small creek, noticed flecks of gold in the stream. Coleman had previously worked in the gold fields of Northern California. Within weeks more than 800 prospectors flooded into what was named the Coleman Mining District; he was elected its recorder.[2]

In present day Julian, the creek where the gold was discovered has been named Coleman Creek although it is overrun by brambles and trees and essentially hidden from view. Coleman Circle, a nearby street, is also named after A.E. Coleman.

Coleman was one of several African Americans who made significant contributions to early "gold rush" Julian. Other pioneering African Americans from the area include Albert and Margaret Robinson, founders of the Robinson Hotel, and America Newton.


  1. ^ Kramer, Ken. "About San Diego". KPBS-TV. 
  2. ^ "Step Back in Time for Julian Gold Rush Days" (PDF). Julian Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  • Julian City and Cuyamaca Country Charles R. LeMenager, 1992, Eagle Peak Publishing.

Further reading[edit]

  • Fetzer, Leland (2005). San Diego County Place Names A to Z. San Diego: Sunbelt Publications. p. 22. Frederick Coleman was born in Kentucky in 1829 and was probably a former slave. The 1880 U.S. Census stated that he was a "Mu[latto]." Farming in the country in 1863, he married an Indian woman, took up land west of Wynola, and in January 1870 discovered placer gold in a stream named for him, Coleman Creek ... beginning the Julian gold rush. A tent city on its banks was called Coleman City. 

External links[edit]

  • [1] Julian Chamber of Commerce