The Abaasy (Abaahy or Abasy, Sakha: Aбаасы, Abaası [abaːsɯ]; Dolgan: Абааһы, Abaahı; Azerbaijani: Abası; Turkish: Abası; Hungarian: Abaaszi; Bulgarian: Абааси, Abaasi; Russian: Абасы, Abasy; cognate of the Turkic word Abası) are demons in the mythology of the Sakha (also known as the Yakuts). Yakut Shamanism divides the universe into upper and lower layers, with the earth being "a kind of indeterminate space or matter" in between. The abaasy occupy the lower level, referred to as the underworld or "kingdom of darkness."
The abaasy are alleged to be the spirits of the long-time deceased who dwell near graves or in deserted places who otherwise travel about causing destruction. They serve Arson-Duolai, the ruler of the dead, who also swallows people' souls and gives the living diseases. The abaasy can be appeased by blood sacrifices.
The abbasy are described as "one-eyed, one-armed, one-legged" monsters mounted on "two-headed, eight-legged, two-tailed dragons as steeds." In olonkho they are ugly and horrible man-eating beings. Their chief Alyp Khara Aat Mogoidoon is a three-headed, six-armed and six-legged giant with a body made of iron.
The concept of the abaasy is so ingrained into Sakha thought that the verb абааһы көр- (to see abaasy) is the everyday term for "to hate" or "to dislike".
- A handbook of Siberia and Arctic Russia. London: H. M. Stationery off. 1920. pp. 221–222.
- Jones, Gertrude (1962). Dictionary of Mythology Folklore and Symbols. New York: The Scarecrow Press, Inc.
- Meletinsky, Eleazar M. (2000). The Poetics of Myth (1st pbk. ed.). New York [u.a.]: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-92898-2.
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- Hatto, A.T. (2011). Essays on Medieval German and Other Poetry. Cambridge University Press.
- Sibirya Türklerinde Mitoloji, Naciye Yıldız (in Turkish)
- Abaası. Якутская мифология (фольклор якутов) (in Russian)
- Агарес и Абасы (in Russian)
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