Abbé (from Latin abbas, in turn from Greek ἀββᾶς, abbas, from Aramaic abba, a title of honour, literally meaning "the father, my father", emphatic state of abh, "father") is the French word for an abbot. It is the title for lower-ranking Catholic clergy in France.
A concordat between Pope Leo X and King Francis I of France (1516) gave the kings of France the right to nominate 255 commendatory abbots (abbés commendataires) for almost all French abbeys, who received income from a monastery without needing to render service, creating, in essence, a sinecure.
From the mid-16th century, the title of abbé has been used in France for all young clergy, with or without consecration. Their clothes consisted of black or dark violet robes with a small collar, and they were tonsured.
Clerical oblates and seminarians of the Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest also have the honorific title of abbé.
- Abbot#Modern abbots not as superior
- Abbé Pierre
- Abbé Faria
- Abbé Sieyès
- Abbé Franz Liszt
- Abbé Edgeworth de Firmont
- A'Becket, John J (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.).