Abradable powder coatings
Abradable Powder Coatings (APC), also known as Additive/Abradable Powder Coatings (AAPCs), are a class of abradable materials that are applied using standard powder coating technology. They are used for clearance control, sealing and lubrication over a wide range of temperatures in oiled and dry devices. Application of the coatings is inexpensive and environmentally friendly.
Abradable coatings are made up of materials that will abrade, or wear off, when they rub against a mating surface. The coating acts as a sacrificial layer when it comes in contact with another surface so that the base material underneath is protected and remains unharmed.
Abradable Powder Coatings safely reduce operating clearances and friction to improve the efficiency of compressors, pumps, engines, blowers, etc. A Tier 1 automotive supplier reports increased volumetric efficiencies and enhanced sealing on supercharger rotor sets through the use of a patented abradable powder coating.   
Abradable Powder Coating provides engine benefits such as higher efficiency, reduced noise and greater durability when applied on pistons. The coating can be applied thick so that during the initial operation the coated component wears in until its ideal geometry is reached under temperature and load. Normally there is no change to the base metal component dimensions and the parts require no post-machining before assembly. Such coatings can dramatically improve efficiency in oil pumps if, for example, less expensive components such as cast pump housings are used with reasonably loose tolerances. An abradable coating can be a highly cost-effective method of improving the tolerances and efficiency of the impeller-housing combination without resorting to much more costly machining of the original components. As an incidental benefit, if an abradable coating has allowed an efficiency increase in a pump, it may be possible to downsize the pump to be used while still delivering the necessary flow/pressure and so save weight or packaging space.
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