Adele aus der Ohe

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Adele aus der Ohe
Adele aus der Ohe.jpg
Adele aus der Ohe
Background information
Born (1861-02-11)11 February 1861
Hanover, Germany
Died 8 December 1937(1937-12-08) (aged 76)
Berlin, Germany
Genres Classical
Occupation(s) Pianist, composer

Adele (Adelheit Johanne Auguste Hermine) aus der Ohe (11 February 1861 – 8 December 1937) was a German concert pianist and composer.[1][n 1] Her compositions, including the Suite No. 2 in E major, Op. 8, were published by G. Schirmer Inc.

Life[edit]

Adele aus der Ohe was born in Hanover. She initially studied with Theodor Kullak, where American pianist and chronicler Amy Fay heard her playing. Calling her "a little fairy of a scholar, ten years old," Fay wrote: "I heard her play a concerto of Beethoven the other day with orchestral accompaniment and a great cadenza by Moscheles, absolutely perfectly. She never missed a note all the way through."[2]

Aus der Ohe was one of the few child prodigies accepted as a pupil by Franz Liszt; she began studying with him at the age of 12 and stayed with him for seven years (1877–1884),[3] making her American debut playing his First Piano Concerto in the Steinway Hall in New York on 23 December 1886.[4] She promoted Liszt's music throughout her career; having Richard Watson Gilder written a poem about such interpretations.

Aus der Ohe was a friend of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky as well, whose First Piano Concerto she performed under the composer's baton at the inaugural concert of Carnegie Hall in New York,[5] as well as at his final concert in St. Petersburg, where the Pathétique Symphony was premiered. She subsequently settled in the United States, touring there for seventeen consecutive seasons.[2] She returned to Germany in 1906 and died in Berlin in 1937.

Compositional style[edit]

Adele aus der Ohe was highly endowed and had a distinctive degree of temperament as a pianist. As already mentioned by magazines and music journals of her time, she was successful not only as such, but also as a composer, as appropriately described in a concert review from Hamburg in January 1910, where she was also honoured by the work she had performed.

Between 1895 and 1906, her name appeared regularly in the renowned publishers catalogue of G. Schirmer (New York) and Ries & Erler (Berlin). Among her compositions are numerous songs, some with words by Richard Watson Gilder (1844-1909), several piano works, and duets for violin and piano. And although further prints after 1906 are not available, a note in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik suggests that after her retreat from the American musical life, she continued her composing work.

Repertoire[edit]

Aus der Ohe's repertory was large and included both Brahms concertos, the second of which she played as early as 1899 in Boston. She specialized in large-scale works; a typical program she played in Boston consisted of Beethoven's Waldstein Sonata, Chopin's Funeral March Sonata, Schumann's Fantasie in C and Liszt's Réminiscences de Don Juan.[6]

Works for piano[edit]

Title Opus Number Key Words Year Publishing
Four songs from The new day 1 The birds were singing Richard Watson Gilder 1895 G. Schirmer
A birthday song
Not from the whole wide World
Thistle-down
Suite No. 1 for Piano 2 Bourrée 1895 G. Schirmer
Sarabande
Menuet
Gavotte
Konzertetüde No. 1 für Klavier 3 C major 1895 G. Schirmer
Compositions for the Piano 4 Melody F major 1897 G. Schirmer
Slumber Song
Rustic Dance
Five Songs for Soprano or Tenor 5 Rose-dark the solemn Sunset Richard Watson Gilder 1897 G. Schirmer
After Sorrow's Night F minor
Cradle-song
I care not if the Skies are white
Winds to the silent Morn
Two Songs with Piano Accompaniment 6 The Orphans Adelbert von Chamisso 1897 G. Schirmer
I grieve to see these Tears Robert Underwood Johnson
Two Songs with Piano Accompaniment 7 I begged a Kiss from a little Maid Robert Underwood Johnson 1897 G. Schirmer
Some said they did but play at War
Suite No. 2 in E major 8 Prelude Ries & Erler
Sarabande
à la Bourrée
Air
Gavotte
Gigue
Vier Klavierstücke 9 Eine Sage 1901 Ries & Erler
Walzer
Novelette
Spinnlied
Two Pieces for Piano 10 Melodie 1902 G. Schirmer
Berceuse
Mazurka 11 1902 G. Schirmer
Three Pieces for Violin and Piano 12 Mazurka 1903 G. Schirmer
Romanze
Elfe Tanzt (Dancing Elf)
Konzertetüde No. 2 für Klavier 13 Am Springbrunnen; eine Erinnerung an die Villa d'Este 1906 G. Schirmer
Fünf Klavierstücke 14 Morgenliedchen 1906 G. Schirmer
Pastorale
Walzer
Lustiges Intermezzo
Am Sommerabend
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra 15
Sonata for Violin and Piano 16 F-sharp major 1906 G. Schirmer
Suite for Piano WoO B minor 1910 Printing unknown

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The church baptismal records from Hannover provide the correct date of February 11, 1861.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohe, Adele aus der, Adelheit (Johanne Auguste Hermine)". Sophie Drinker Institut (in German). Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Schonberg, The Great Pianists, 263.
  3. ^ Schonberg, Harold C. (1987). Great Pianists. Simon and Schuster. p. 263. ISBN 0671638378. 
  4. ^ Lachmund, Carl (1995). Living with Liszt: From the Diary of Carl Lachmund, an American Pupil of Liszt, 1882-1884. Pendragon Press. p. 194. ISBN 0945193564. 
  5. ^ CLASSICAL MUSIC; Extra! Read All About It - Carnegie's $1.25 Million Hall, Harold C. Schonberg, The New York Times
  6. ^ Schonberg, The Great Pianists, 265.

Further reading[edit]

  • Schonberg, Harold C., The Great Pianists (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1987, 1963). ISBN 0-671-64200-6.

External links[edit]