Adrienne Górska

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Adrienne Gorska (1899, Moscow — 1969, southern France) was a Russian-born Polish architect who worked in the Modernist and Art Deco styles in Paris between the world wars. She was one of the few women of her day to receive a university diploma in architecture.[1]

Biography[edit]

In 1919, Gorska emigrated together with her Polish family to Paris where she studied under Robert Mallet-Stevens at the École Spéciale d'Architecture in Montparnasse. Graduating in 1924, she became one of the few women of her times to have an architectural diploma. She designed an apartment and studio in Paris for her sister, the painter Tamara de Lempicka, which she fitted out with chrome-plated furniture. She then worked with a Madame Lipska on the well-received renovation of a farmhouse for the American Barbara Harrison converting the barn into a dining-room and finishing the bathroom in orange, yellow, and gold mosaics. Writing in London's The Architect and Building News in 1930, Howard Roberston and Frank Yerbury commented: "One might suggest that modernism was ruthless, even brutal, and that these attributes are masculine. But we have evidence in a series of striking modern interiors, that women are equally responding to the urge for modern expression."[1][2]

Gorska took up employment with the architectural firm Molinié et Nicod where she met Pierre de Montaut whom she married around 1934. They became known for the modern cinemas they designed for the Cinéac group. By 1932, Gorska was a full member of the influential French Union of Modern Artists. In 1937, she received a commission for the Polish pavilion at the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne. After her sister Tamara left for the United States in the summer of 1939, Gorska and her husband left for Poland to design newsreel cinemas for Pathé Nathan but returned to France at the end of August just before the Nazi invasion of Poland. Gorska's worklist stops abruptly around that time but her niece Kizette de Lempicka remembers her funeral in southern France in 1969.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Claire Bonney, "Adrienne Gorska: Milka Bliznakov Prize Final Report", International Archive of Women in Architecture. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  2. ^ "Adrienne Gorska", Tamara de Lempicka: catalogue raisonné. Retrieved 27 February 2012.

Literature[edit]

  • "Adreinne Gorska de Montant"" in Byars, Mel (2004). The Design Encyclopedia with references, New York: The Museum of Modern Art. | ISBN 0-87070-012-X
  • Jean-Jacques Meusy, "Cinéac : un concept, une architecture", Les Cahiers de la Cinémathèque, n°66, 1997, pp. 91–121.
  • Pierre de Montaut et Adrienne Gorska, Vingt salles de cinéma, préface de Germaine Kellerson, Société française d'éditions, 1937.

External links[edit]