Beaulieu-sur-Mer

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Beaulieu-sur-Mer
Bèuluec de Mar  (Occitan)
The seafront in Beaulieu-sur-Mer seen from the gardens of the Villa Ephrussi de Rothschild in Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat
The seafront in Beaulieu-sur-Mer seen from the gardens of the Villa Ephrussi de Rothschild in Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat
Coat of arms of Beaulieu-sur-Mer
Location of Beaulieu-sur-Mer
Beaulieu-sur-Mer is located in France
Beaulieu-sur-Mer
Beaulieu-sur-Mer
Beaulieu-sur-Mer is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Beaulieu-sur-Mer
Beaulieu-sur-Mer
Coordinates: 43°42′18″N 7°19′48″E / 43.705°N 7.33°E / 43.705; 7.33Coordinates: 43°42′18″N 7°19′48″E / 43.705°N 7.33°E / 43.705; 7.33
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
DepartmentAlpes-Maritimes
ArrondissementNice
CantonBeausoleil
IntercommunalityMétropole Nice Côte d'Azur
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Roger Roux[1]
Area
1
0.92 km2 (0.36 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
3,755
 • Density4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
06011 /06310
Elevation0–189 m (0–620 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Beaulieu-sur-Mer (French: [boljø syʁ mɛʁ]; Occitan: Bèuluec de Mar; Italian: Belluogo; lit. "Beautiful Place on the Sea"), commonly referred to simply as Beaulieu, is a seaside commune on the French Riviera between Nice and the Principality of Monaco. Located in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, it borders the communes of Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat and Villefranche-sur-Mer, not far from Èze to the northeast. In 2018, Beaulieu-sur-Mer had a population of 3,731. Its inhabitants are called Berlugans (masculine) and Berluganes (feminine).

History[edit]

Beaulieu-sur-Mer was inhabited in prehistoric times; a port was built by Ligurians before Romans took over the site.

The area was part of the commune of Villefranche-sur-Mer until mid-1891, when the French Parliament voted in favour of the bill allowing for the separation following local support and a positive recommendation from the General Council of Alpes-Maritimes. The first municipal elections were held on 20 September 1981 after President Sadi Carnot signed the bill into law the preceding 23 July.

The commune was renamed Beaulieu-sur-Mer from Beaulieu in 1908; the name has previously been changed from the Italian name Belloloco in 1860, after the incorporation of the County of Nice into France.

In the late 19th century and early 20th century, it became a popular destination for the international elite in the winter season. Tourism helped the commune develop economically, as it welcomed writer Leo Tolstoy, civil engineer Gustave Eiffel, publisher James Gordon Bennett Jr., composer Igor Stravinsky, as well as other personalities and monarchs from major European countries.[3]

Today Beaulieu-sur-Mer is renowned as a Mediterranean resort village with quality marina facilities. It is also known for its the Villa Kerylos, built between 1902 and 1908 following the plans of architect Emmanuel Pontremoli.

Geography[edit]

With a territory of 0.92 km2 (0.36 sq mi), Beaulieu-sur-Mer is the smallest commune in Alpes-Maritimes in terms of surface area. However, it is also one of the most densely populated. It forms part of Métropole Nice Côte d'Azur.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
20063,714—    
20073,720+0.2%
20083,742+0.6%
20093,749+0.2%
20103,761+0.3%
20113,762+0.0%
20123,764+0.1%
20133,734−0.8%
20143,745+0.3%
20153,726−0.5%
20163,721−0.1%

Sights[edit]

Aerial view of the Villa Kerylos

The Villa Kerylos is a structure on a low rocky promontory by the sea. It was built at the beginning of the 20th century by archeologist Théodore Reinach in the style of an ancient Greek villa at the time of Pericles. The villa was bequeathed to the Institut de France in 1928. It is currently classified as a monument historique.

Transport[edit]

Beaulieu-sur-Mer is served by TER Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (TER PACA) services at Beaulieu-sur-Mer station on the Marseille–Ventimiglia railway.

International relations[edit]

Beaulieu-sur-Mer is a sister city of Tempe, Arizona, US. Every year, four French students are paired with four American students; they each spend five weeks in one another's country. This student exchange is with the Tempe Sister Cities organisation, which was voted "Best Overall Sister City Program" in 1998 and 2004.

In popular culture[edit]

Beaulieu-sur-Mer served as the fictional town of "Beaumont-sur-Mer" in the hit 1988 film Dirty Rotten Scoundrels and the 2019 film The Hustle.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ Histoire, beaulieusurmer.fr (in French).

External links[edit]

Coolidge, William (1911). "Beaulieu" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.