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Aegyptiacum, or ægyptiacum, was used in pharmacy as a kind of detersive unguent. It is so-called from its dusky hue or color, which resembles the swarthy complexion of the Egyptian people.

It is composed of verdigris, vinegar, and honey, boiled to a consistency.

The prescription is Masawaiyh's. It is chiefly used for eating off rotten flesh and cleaning foul ulcers, particularly venereal ones in the throat, and mouth ulcers.

One of the ingredients in a wound cleansing plaster made by Henry VIII of England's Surgeon Thomas Gale in his Handbook, Certaine Workes of Chirurgerie.

“A mundicative

Aegyptiacum Unguent 2 ounces

Alum 1 ounce

Frankincense             1/2 ounce

Myrrh   1 dram

Red Wine 2 pounds 


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChambers, Ephraim, ed. (1728). "article name needed". Cyclopædia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences (first ed.). James and John Knapton, et al. 


  1. ^ Gale, Thomas; Hall, Rowland (1563-01-01). Certaine vvorkes of chirurgerie. Prynted at London : by Rouland Hall.  Check date values in: |date= (help)