Aeimnestus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Aeimnestus (Gr. Ἀείμνηστος) is an Ancient Greek word, also spelled aeímnēstos and arímnēstos that means "unforgettable", literally "of everlasting memory". It was the name of multiple revered Greek warriors.

A Spartan soldier Aeimnestus killed the Persian general Mardonius by hurling a boulder onto Mardonius' head during the Battle of Plataea in 479 BC. The event was described in Book 9 of the Histories of Herodotus.[1] Plutarch calls the same man "Arimnestus" (Ἀρίμνηστος).[2]

Another Spartan by the same name led three hundred men against the whole Messenian army in the Messenian Wars; both he and his company were killed to the last man.[3]

A Plataean general Arimnestos led his city's host in the battles of Marathon and Plataea.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herodotus, Histories, ix. 64
  2. ^ Plutarch, Aristides 19
  3. ^ Smith, William (1867). "Aeimnestus". In Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. Boston: N/A. p. 27. Archived from the original on 2007-09-06. Retrieved 2007-10-19. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.