||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (September 2012)|
|• Total||4.62 km2 (1.78 sq mi)|
|Elevation||482 m (1,581 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2013)|
|• Density||220/km2 (570/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Altwis, Beinwil am See (AG), Beromünster, Fahrwangen (AG), Hämikon, Mosen, Schongau|
Profile (German), SFSO statistics
Aesch is first mentioned around 1150 as Esche. Between 1184 and 1190, it was mentioned as Asce.
The municipality consists of the village of Aesch. It has an area of 4.7 km2 (1.8 sq mi). Of this area, 67.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 19.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 10.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). In the 1997 land survey[update], 19.35% of the total land area was forested. Of the agricultural land, 51.83% is used for farming or pastures, while 15.91% is used for orchards or vine crops. Of the settled areas, 7.31% is covered with buildings, 0.65% is industrial, 0.22% is classed as special developments, 0.43% is parks or greenbelts and 1.51% is transportation infrastructure.
Aesch has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 1,013. As of 2007[update], 7.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of −3.5%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (95.9%), with Albanian being second most common ( 1.7%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 0.5%).
The age distribution in Aesch is; 241 people or 25.3% of the population is 0–19 years old. 222 people or 23.3% are 20–39 years old, and 345 people or 36.3% are 40–64 years old. The senior population distribution is 108 people or 11.4% are 65–79 years old, 32 or 3.4% are 80–89 years old and 3 people or 0.3% of the population are 90+ years old.
As of 2000[update] there are 359 households, of which 96 households (or about 26.7%) contain only a single individual. 56 or about 15.6% are large households, with at least five members. As of 2000[update] there were 228 inhabited buildings in the municipality, of which 167 were built only as housing, and 61 were mixed use buildings. There were 126 single family homes, 24 double family homes, and 17 multi-family homes in the municipality. Most homes were either two (96) or three (54) story structures. There were only 6 single story buildings and 11 four or more story buildings.
Aesch has an unemployment rate of 1.03%. As of 2005[update], there were 92 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 28 businesses involved in this sector. 168 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 20 businesses in this sector. 93 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 25 businesses in this sector. As of 2000[update] 51.4% of the population of the municipality were employed in some capacity. At the same time, females made up 41.6% of the workforce.
In the 2000 census[update] the religious membership of Aesch was; 697 (73.4%) were Roman Catholic, and 146 (15.4%) were Protestant, with an additional 9 (0.95%) that were of some other Christian faith. There are 35 individuals (3.68% of the population) who are Muslim. Of the rest; there were 1 (0.11%) individuals who belong to another religion, 41 (4.32%) who do not belong to any organized religion, 21 (2.21%) who did not answer the question.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Aesch has an average of 133.3 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,034 mm (40.7 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is June during which time Aesch receives an average of 123 mm (4.8 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 12.5 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 12.9, but with only 99 mm (3.9 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is October with an average of 65 mm (2.6 in) of precipitation over 12.5 days.
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
- Aesch in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 18-Aug-2009
- LUSTAT Lucerne Cantonal Statistics (German) accessed 12 August 2009
- "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961–1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology – MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009., the weather station elevation is 511 meters above sea level.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aesch LU.|