Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah

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Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah, Ahlu’s-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah, Ahl-e Sunnat wa’l-Jamaat is a greatest Muslim religious group in a brief called sunni. The main characteristic of this group is that they recognize Sunni four Caliph as

  • Abu Bakr ibn Qhuhafah (632–634)
  • Umar ibn al-Khattab (634–644)
  • Uthman ibn Affan (644–656)
  • Ali ibn Abi Talib (656–661)

It refers to Sunni four Schools of Islamic jurisprudence- Hanafi, Shafi'ite, Malikite and Hanbalite schools and sunni spiritual path (Sufi tarika). According to the Holy Quran it is called "Shirate Mustakim (straight path)" [Sura Fatiha] and in accordance with Sunnah (Hadith) the followers of Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and his followers Sahabi as Firkae Najia (Group of Haven) and 'Muazzamae Saude Azam' etc. They do not criticize any followers/ Sahabi of Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him). The main two groups of believes of Sunni Islam or Aqida-e Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah, are (i) Maturidi, founded by Abu Mansur al-Maturidi (died 944) and (ii) Ash'ari, founded by Abu Mansur al-Maturidi (died 944).

Sunni Madhhab[edit]

In the first 150 years of Islam, there were numerous madhāhib; several of the companions of Prophet Muhammadare credited with founding their own. As a matter of fact, there were as many mazhabs as there were companions. Over the centuries, mazhabs have variously grown, spread, split, and been absorbed; at one time, there were 130 schools.[1] Most have become obsolete. Traditionally there has been four mazhabs followed by the majority of Muslims throughout Islamic history

The Hanafi (Arabic: حنفي Ḥanafī) school is one of the four religious Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence (fiqh). It is named after the scholar Abū Ḥanīfa an-Nu‘man ibn Thābit (d. 767), a tabi‘i whose legal views were preserved primarily by his two most important disciples, Abu Yusuf andMuhammad al-Shaybani. The other major schools of Sharia in Sunni Islam areMaliki, Shafi'i and Hanbali.

The Mālikī (Arabic: مالكي) madhhab is one of the four major schools of Fiqh or religious law within Sunni Islam. It was founded by Malik ibn Anas in the 8th century. The Maliki school of jurisprudence relies on the Quran and hadiths as primary sources. Unlike other Islamic fiqhs, Maliki fiqh also considers the consensus of the people of Medina to be a valid source of Islamic law.

The Shafi'i (Arabic: شافعي Šāfiʿī ) madhhab is one of the four schools of Islamic law in Sunni Islam. It was founded by the Arab scholar Al-Shafi'i in the early 9th century. The other three schools of Sunni jurisprudence are Hanafi,Maliki and Hanbali.

The Hanbali school (Arabic: المذهب الحنبلي) is one of the four orthodox SunniIslamic schools of jurisprudence (fiqh). It is named after the Iraqi scholarAhmad ibn Hanbal (d. 855), and was institutionalized by his students. The Hanbali madhhab is the smallest of four major Sunni schools, the others being the Hanafi, Maliki and Shafi'i.

Sunni Sufism[edit]

Sufism or Tasawwuf (Arabic: تصوف), according to its adherents, is the innermystical dimension of Islam. Practitioners of Sufism (Tasawwuf), referred to as Sufis (ṣūfī) (/ˈsuːfi/; صُوفِيّ), often belong to different ṭuruq or "orders"—congregations formed around a grand master referred to as a Mawla who maintains a direct chain of teachers back to the Prophet Muhammad.These orders meet for spiritual sessions (majalis) in meeting places known as zawiyahs, khanqahs, or tekke. Sufis strive for ihsan (perfection of worship) as detailed in a hadith: "Ihsan is to worship Allah as if you see Him; if you can't see Him, surely He sees you." Jalaluddin Rumi stated: "The Sufi is hanging on to Muhammad, like Abu Bakr." Sufis regard Prophet Muhammad as the Al-Insān al-Kāmil, which is a concept that describes Muhammad as the primary perfect man who exemplifies the morality of God. Sufis regard Prophet Muhammad as their leader and prime spiritual guide. Sufis also consider themselves to be the true proponents of this pure, original form of Islam.

All Sufi orders trace many of their original precepts from the Islamic prophetMuhammad through his cousin and son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib, with the notable exception of the Sunni Naqshbandi order who claim to trace their origins through the first sunni Caliph, Abu Bakr. Sufi orders are largely Sunni and follow one of the four schools of Sunni Islam and maintain a Sunni Aqidah or creed.

(i)The Qadiriyya (Arabic: القادريه, Persian:قادریه,also transliterated Qadri, Qadriya,Kadri, Elkadri, Elkadry, Aladray, Alkadrie, Adray, Kadray, Qadiri,"Quadri" orQadri), are members of the Qadiri Sufi order (tariqa). This derives its name from Syed Abdul Qader Gilani Al Amoli (1077–1166 CE, also transliterated as "Jilani" etc.) who was from Gilan. The order relies strongly upon adherence to the fundamentals of Islam.

The order, with its many offshoots, is widespread, particularly in the Arabic-speaking world, and can also be found in Turkey, Indonesia, Afghanistan,India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Balkans, Russia, Palestine, Israel, China,East and West Africa.

(ii)The Chishtī Order (Persian: چشتی - Čištī) (Arabic: ششتى - Shishti) is a Sufi orderwithin the mystic Sufi tradition of Islam. It began in Chisht, a small town nearHerat, Afghanistan about 930 CE. The Chishti Order is known for its emphasis on love, tolerance, and openness.

The Chishti Order is primarily followed in Afghanistan and South Asia. It was the first of the four main Sufi orders (Chishti, Qadiriyya, Suhrawardiyya andNaqshbandi) to be established in this region. Moinuddin Chishti introduced the Chishti Order in Lahore (Punjab) and Ajmer (Rajasthan), sometime in the middle of the 12th century CE. He was eighth in the line of succession from the founder of the Chishti Order, Abu Ishq Shami. There are now several branches of the order, which has been the most prominent South Asian Sufi brotherhood since the 12th century.

(iii) Naqshbandi (Persian: نقشبندی, Arabic: نقشبندي naqshbandī;) also writtenNaqshibandi, an-Naqshbandiyyah, Nakşibendi, or Naksibendi) is a majorSunni spiritual order of Sufism. It is one of the Sufi way that traces its spiritual lineage to the Islamic prophet Muhammad, through Abu Bakr, the first Caliphand Muhammad's companion. Some Naqshbandi masters trace their lineage through Ali, Muhammad's cousin, son-in-law and the fourth Caliph, in keeping with most other Sufis.

The Naqshbandi order owes many insights to Yusuf Hamdani and Abdul Khaliq Gajadwani in the 12th century, the latter of whom is regarded as the organizer of the practices and is responsible for placing stress upon the purely silentinvocation. It was later associated with Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari in the 14th century, hence the name of the order. The name can be interpreted as "engraver (of the heart)", "pattern maker", "reformer of patterns", "image maker", or "related to the image maker". The way is sometimes referred to as "the sublime sufi path" and "the way of the golden chain."

(iv) The Suhrawardiyya (Arabic: سهروردية) is a Sufi order founded by the Sufi Diya al-din Abu 'n-Najib as-Suhrawardi (1097–1168 CE). It is a strictly Sunni order, guided by the Shafi`i school of Islamic law (madhab), and, like many such orders, traces its spiritual genealogy (silsila) to Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib throughJunayd Baghdadi and al-Ghazali. It played an important role in the formation of a conservative ‘new piety’ and in the regulation of urban vocational and other groups, such as trades-guilds and youth clubs (see Futuwwa), particularly in Baghdad.
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