Air instrument

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In the context of musical performance, air instruments are imaginary musical instruments for which people mimic the sound-producing gestures in the air without touching a real instrument. In simple words air instruments are the musical instruments which could be played without touching the real instrument.[1][2] Air instruments include:

There are other air instruments as well.[1][2]


The playing of air instruments has been documented through the 20th century (see: Air guitar). However, no sources have been found that exclude the playing of air instruments in ancient times, during private performances, such as for air flute or air lyre (for lyres or harps). One gesture musical instrument which won first place in the 2008 Chicago Makers Faire at the Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry is an instrument named Airheads that demonstrates the ability to simulate different musical instrument using only your hand gestures moving in the air.

Air piano[edit]

For the air piano, both left and right hands can be used, as well as moving the feet to mimic pressing the piano floor pedals.

Besides the imaginary air piano, there is a motion-activated musical instrument interface called an "AirPiano" which is controlled by waving the hands above the top.[3][4]

The AirPiano is a musical computer interface (from 2007) which allows playing and controlling software instruments simply by moving hands in the air over the device,[3] connected by USB cable.[4] Above the AirPiano is an invisible matrix of virtual keys plus faders, each pre-assigned with MIDI messages and waiting to be triggered, via infrared sensors.[4] The length of each triggered note is determined by the time the hand is placed over the corresponding virtual key. Beyond the feedback of the sounds changing, hand placement is also confirmed by LED feedback.[3] The first version of AirPiano generated polyphonic sound, with 24 keys using 8 faders.[3]

The AirPiano software provides for the loading/saving of presets and transposing notes. The AirPiano technique has been filed as a Provisional U.S. Patent Application (Number: 60/989,986).[3]

Air violin[edit]

Besides the gestures to accompany real violin performances, playing the air violin can also be a form of sarcasm, to indicate that another person seems to be rambling with a sob story or whining excessively, in self-pity.[5]


  1. ^ a b Rolf Godøy1 et al., "Playing 'Air Instruments'...", 2006 (see: References).
  2. ^ a b c d Steven Appleby et al., Better Living Through Air Guitar, 2005.
  3. ^ a b c d e "airpiano", 2007, webpage: Archived 2018-05-12 at the Wayback Machine: in patent note, the word "filled" is interpreted as "filed".
  4. ^ a b c "Student creates AirPiano", Ben Rogerson,, 2008-07-01 (Tuesday), webpage: Musicradar-2525.
  5. ^ "What I wish I could have said to my teachers", Nogie Demirjian, 2002, L.A. Youth, Los Angeles, CA; webpage: LA-Youth-1175 Archived 2010-01-03 at the Wayback Machine.


  • Steven Appleby and George Mole, Better Living Through Air Guitar, 2005-03-11, publisher: Piatkus, ISBN 978-0-7499-5094-1, ISBN 0-7499-5094-3.
  • Rolf Inge Godøy1, Egil Haga1 and Alexander Refsum Jensenius1, "Playing 'Air Instruments': Mimicry of Sound-Producing Gestures by Novices and Experts", Gesture in Human-Computer Interaction and Simulation, February 2006, University of Oslo, Department of Musicology, Oslo, Norway, ISBN 978-3-540-32624-3.

External links[edit]

  • Rolf Godøy1 et al., "Playing 'Air Instruments': Mimicry of Sound-Producing Gestures by Novices and Experts", Gesture in Human-Computer Interaction and Simulation, February 2006, webpage: SpringerLink-1152 (HTML, with link to preview or PDF).
  • "AirPiano - Musical Interface (AirPiano) - 440TV Video", webpage: 440TV-AirPiano-video.
  • "AirHeads - By John R. Folaron Human gesture Musical Midi controller Interface played like a harp or Air Drums ", webpage: