Air pump

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Boyle's air pump

An air pump is a device for pushing air. Examples include a bicycle pump, pumps that are used to aerate an aquarium or a pond via an airstone; a gas compressor used to power a pneumatic tool, air horn or pipe organ; a bellows used to encourage a fire; a vacuum cleaner and a vacuum pump.


In 1649, Otto von Guericke invented the spool vacuum air pump. This pump was called air pump in 19th century lexicons.[1]

The first effective air pump constructed in England for scientific purposes was made in 1658 by Robert Hooke for Robert Boyle.[2]


  1. ^ Brockhaus 1809 Luftpumpe
  2. ^ George Wilson (Jan 15, 1849), "On the Early History of the Air-pump in England", Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh