Akhtenskite

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Akhtenskite
General
Category Oxide mineral
Formula
(repeating unit)
MnO2
Strunz classification 4.DB.15b
Crystal system Hexagonal
Dihexagonal dipyramidal class
Space group Hexagonal
H-M symbol: (6/m 2/m 2/m)
Space group: P63/mmc
Unit cell a = 2.84, c = 4.6 [Å]; Z = 1
Identification
Color Light gray to black
Crystal habit Flaky polycrystalline aggregates
Cleavage Distinct on {001}
Streak Black
Diaphaneity Opaque
Specific gravity 4.78 (calculated)
Optical properties Uniaxial
References [1][2][3]

Akhtenskite is a manganese oxide mineral with the chemical formula of MnO2 (or: ε-Mn4+O2[3]) that was named after the Akhtensk deposit in Russia, where it was first discovered and noted in 1979.[2] It can be found in the Akhtensk brown ironstone deposit, in the southern Ural Mountains, on Mt. Zarod, on the Sikhote-Alin Mountains, and in the Primorskiy Krai, all in Russia.[1]

Its crystals are usually hexagonal in shape, with flakiness and plating, usually because it replaced a mineral.[1] Akhtenskite is a polymorphous with the much more widespread pyrolusite. It occurs in mixtures with "psilomelane" (recently renamed to romanechite) and with other manganese oxides in an iron oxide deposit, most likely bacterially altered from a previous mineral in the Akhtensk deposit. It also occurs in crusts of ferromanganese minerals on oceanic rocks.[2] Its chemical makeup is 63% oxygen and 37% manganese.

Some minerals that are commonly associated with akhtenskite are: todorokite, pyrolusite, nsutite, goethite, and cryptomelane.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Fact sheet about Akhtenskite" (PDF). Mineral Data Publishing. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  2. ^ a b c "Akhtenskite data sheet". Webmineral.com. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  3. ^ a b c Jolyon & Ida Ralph. "Akhtenskite mineral information and data". Mindat.org.