Mohammad Abu Abdallah Ben Hudzail al Sahuir

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Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Hudhayl al-Saghir[1] (Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن هذيل الصغير) (1208 in la Vall d'Alcalà, Alicante – 1276 Alcoi), popularly known as Al-Azraq (الأزرق, "the Blue" – referring to his eyes), was an Arab Moorish commander in the Iberian Peninsula in the south of the Kingdom of Valencia.

He was son of a Muslim father, Hudhayl al-Saghir and of a Christian mother. As a vassal in the Christian kingdom he spent long seasons in the courts of Aragon, Valencia and Granada, on friendly terms with the kings of Aragon and of Castile.

After the conquest of the Kingdom of Valencia by James I of Aragon, Al-Azraq signed the Al-Azraq Treaty of 1245,[2] a pact with the Aragonese king by which the Muslim commander could keep control of a series of fortifications including Polop (later the lordship of the Barons of Polop) in the valleys of Alcalá and Gallinera. Despite the treaty, Al-Azraq led uprisings in 1248 and 1258, when he made an attempt on the life of James I but was defeated.

In 1276 he met his death while besieging Alcoi, at the hands of a Christian native from Xàtiva.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Burns, Robert I.; Chevedden, Paul E. (March 2000). "A unique bilingual surrender treaty from muslim-crusader Spain". The Historian. Retrieved 23 October 2021.
  2. ^ Adolf, Antony (2009). Peace: A World History. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-7456-4125-6.