Alabat, Quezon

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Alabat, Quezon
Municipality of Alabat
Bayan ng Alabat
Official seal of Alabat, Quezon
  • "The Hidden Gem of Quezon"
  • "Gateway to the Pacific"
  • "Alabat: The Hidden Paradise"
Motto: Mapayapa, Maunlad, Maganda at Masayang Bayan ng Alabat
Map of Quezon showing the location of Alabat
Map of Quezon showing the location of Alabat
Alabat, Quezon is located in Philippines
Alabat, Quezon
Alabat, Quezon
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°06′N 122°01′E / 14.100°N 122.017°E / 14.100; 122.017Coordinates: 14°06′N 122°01′E / 14.100°N 122.017°E / 14.100; 122.017
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Quezon
District 4th district of Quezon
Founded October 23, 1903
Barangays 19
 • Representative Helen DL Tan
 • Mayor Fernando L. Mesa
 • Vice Mayor Jaime V. Glor
 • Total 57.61 km2 (22.24 sq mi)
Population (2015)[3]
 • Total 15,630
 • Density 270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Alabatin
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4333
IDD:area code +63 (0)42
Income class 5th class; partially urban

Alabat is a fifth class municipality in the province of Quezon, Philippines, located centrally on the eponymous Alabat Island. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 15,630.[3] The name Alabat came from the local Tagalog word Alabat, meaning "balustrade". It is strategically located between Pacific Ocean and Lamon Bay. It is paradise island in the Pacific because of its excellent fishing grounds, fertility of the soil, wide plains and nearness to a river and safe landing shore.


Alabat is politically subdivided into 19 barangays, 5 of which are urban and 14 rural.[2]

  • Angeles
  • Bacong
  • Balungay
  • Buenavista
  • Caglate
  • Camagong
  • Gordon
  • Pambilan Norte
  • Pambilan Sur
  • Barangay 1 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 2 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 3 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 4 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 5 (Pob.)
  • Villa Esperanza
  • Villa Jesus Este
  • Villa Jesus Weste
  • Villa Norte
  • Villa Victoria


Long before the colonial Spanish, Japanese, or Americans set foot on Alabat Island, the mountains were already inhabited by the “Baluga” (aborigines). Nomadic by nature, they would clean patches of land, plant rice and vegetables and hunt. After harvest, they would migrate to another part of the forest and repeat the cycle. The elder of the community was their leader and adviser. During drought, they made temporary houses near the shore and used fishing as their primary means of livelihood.

Local folklore says that a Spanish priest from the mainland saw the Island from across the Lamon bay. He was curious as to what lay in that island and its inhabitants. The Spanish priest crossed the bay on the boat and founded a church at what is today barangay Gordon. The church today is underwater but the cross can still be seen.

The name Alabat which has been used as it is now, came from the word Alâbât (local Tagalog word for balustrade or balcony). The early inhabitants of this place made balustrades across their doors to prevent small children from walking out of the house or falling from the stairwells.

Local history says that a platoon of American soldiers came to Lupac after the Philippine independence to conduct a survey. They entered a native’s hut and asked the person what the name of the place was. The owner of the house at that time was holding the balustrade that he was making. Unable to understand the English language, he thought they were asking what he was doing so the native replied alâbât! The leader took his diary and wrote the word A L A B A T without any accent.

Another local folklore says that the name 'Alabat' was from Muslim origins where Alabat comes from Allah-bat, and if the word is mixed up actually means bat-ala or bathala which is the local word for god.

But according to the RA 956, Alabat was founded on Oct. 23, 1903. Meanwhile, the legal basis of creation is May 15, 1900

The separation of Silangan (now Quezon) as an independent municipality was declared in 1914. This municipality was named in honor of President Manuel L Quezon. In 1929, the inhabitants of Sangirin (now Perez) clamored also for separation from Alabat. By the end of the same year, Sangirin was granted freedom and became an independent municipality named in honor of then Felimon Perez, who was the Governor of the Province.

Today, Alabat island is composed of 3 towns, Perez in the northern tip, Alabat town proper at the center and Quezon in the south. The town of Alabat saw new development in the early 21st century: a modern port was built to replace the old one, more paved roads are being constructed, telephone service, cellphone sites, wireless internet and local government projects to improve the lives of Alabateños.[4]


Alabat, was inhabited by the early family of Caparros because of its safe landing shore and overflowing natural resources. Other immigrants from Gumaca came pouring in upon hearing the suitability of this place from human habitation. They named the place "CAMAGONG". Perhaps this name was taken from trees which bore edible fruits called Camagong or Mabulo which grow abundantly in Camagong Mountain, the highest mountain in Alabat Island.

It was said that Rev. Father Jesus, in charge of the parish of Gumaca possessed a telescope. Almost every time he looked through his telescope to see whether Moro Vintas were coming. He reached out a focus on the sandy shore of Ilangin, the present sitio of the barrio of Gordon. It came to his mind that an Ermita should be built in that place. So he summoned the leaders of the settlers to congregate and encouraged them to settle at Ilangin in order to make a vesita and build on Ermita.

The growth was so abrupt that a village sprang. Father Jesus called this village "GORDO" (meaning fat) and afterwards he named it Gordon in memory of his town in Spain.

Then came Don Pedro Pica and his brother Don Nicolas, who wanted to establish a home in Gorden. Upon reaching the place they found out that anchorage was difficult on account of the shallow coral reefs and absence of navigable river. Inquiries were made among the villagers and Don Pedro learned the suitability of Lupac, the present site of Alabat. He ordered Francisco Mercado, Modesto Arcaya, Casimero Caparros, Luciano Caparros, Cayetano Caparros, Pedro Caparros, Juan Caparros, Venancio Mascariña, Valentin Lisardo, Camilo Febrer, Antonio Montañez, Mariano Silva, Eusebio Baranta, Cayetano Olivares, Jose Canata and many others to clean a site in Lupac for a new village.

When Rev. Father Jesus heard about this act of Don Pedro Pica, he was neatly infuriated. He accused these two men and by the order of Capitang Totoy of Gumaca, they were taken to prison until Don Pedro Pica secured freedom from the gobernadorcillos of Tayabas. The Gobernadorcillo also pardoned his brother Don Nicolas Pica the following year. The interest of these two brothers in Lupac did not fade away so they returned to the place and established a lumber industry. The Gobernadorcillo learned of their success in their industry and their able leadership to settlers of the place so Don Pedro, the elder, gained influence from the Gobernadorcillo and was appointed sub-Captain of Lupac under Capitan Totoy of Gumaca. Through the order of Father Jesus, Don Pedro Pica changed the name Lupac to BARCELONA in memory of the beautiful coastal town in Spain.

When the American Expeditionary forces occupied Tayabas Province and appointed Carpenter as Military Governor, the name BARCELONA was changed to ALABAT.[5]


Population census of Alabat
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 11,785 —    
1995 13,787 +2.98%
2000 14,204 +0.64%
2007 14,789 +0.56%
2010 16,120 +3.19%
2015 15,630 −0.59%
Source: Philippine Statistics Office[3]


Economic activities in Alabat are heavily concentrated in the poblacion and other sub-urban barangays. Improved road network provides access from all towns in the island of Alabat to this partially urbanized town. Well-paved radial routes criss-crossing in and out of the town facilitate the transport of unlimited assortment of merchandise, supplies, and raw materials to and from the town on a round-the-clock basis. The major crops of the town are rice, coconut and calamansi.


  • Total Number of Fishermen and farmers- 3000 (estimate)
  • Area of Irrigated Lands- 150 hectares (unofficial)


Alabat experiences tropical monsoon climate (Am) as the rainfall throughout the year is influenced by the monsoon. There is a significant difference between the driest and the wettest month whereas the driest month is April with rainfall total 81.5 mm, while the wettest month is December with rainfall total 571.4 mm. The rainfall seems increased significantly in October. The mean temperature throughout the year is ranging from the coolest month with average of 26.2 °C of January to the hottest month with average of 29.4 °C on May.

Climate data for Alabat, Philippines (1961-1985)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.4
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.2
Average low °C (°F) 21.9
Average rainfall mm (inches) 250.8
Average rainy days 20 14 10 9 9 14 17 15 17 24 22 24 195
Average relative humidity (%) 85 83 82 81 79 82 83 83 84 84 85 86 83.1
Source: PAGASA[6]

Port of Alabat[edit]

Alabat is considered one of the most important commercial and trading point in the island and in the whole Lamon Bay Area. This town are nested among a wide expanse of coconut trees, riceland and moderately rolling hills of gross and shrinks for pleasure. It has a rich fishing ground which supplies fish and other seafoods to neighboring towns. Port of Alabat is considered one of the longest port in the province.

Events and Festival[edit]

  • Sto. Niño Festival - (3rd Sunday of January)
  • Coconut Festival - May 15
  • Flores De Mayo - (Last Sunday of May)
  • Feast of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel (Town Fiesta) - July 16

Tourism Potential and Destinations[edit]

  • AINHS Science Park
  • Bosai
  • Tan-awan
  • Sitio Catmon
  • Villa Norte Beaches
  • Luksuhin and Casa Santa Cave
  • Tumiis Falls
  • Gitingan Cave
  • Kuloong Lagoon and Falls

Local government[edit]

Municipal officials (2016-2019):[1]

  • Mayor: MGen Fernando L. Mesa (Ret.)
  • Vice Mayor: Raul De Claro
  • Councilors:
    • Jorge Roito Hirang
    • Khem Whenbert Hervera
    • Ireneo Layosa
    • Juanito Soriano
    • Lydio Española
    • Ramil Arquiza
    • Paricio Sasis Jr.
    • Reden Mesa
  • Imelda M. Paclibon - PPLB

Education Facilities[edit]

Alabat has one tertiary school and numerous number of secondary and primary schools, including public and private. The tertiary education system in Alabat provides instruction and training in fields of study, both for baccalaureate degrees and vocational courses. Southern Luzon State University- Alabat Campus - the only university in the island offers degree programs including education, information technology and fisheries. Aside from tertiary school, the town also has an expanse footprint on the pre-school, primary and secondary levels of education, both in private and public schools. There are numerous day-care centers found all over the town.

  • Alabat Island National High School (Formerly Alabat Municipal High School)
  • Alabat Central Elementary School
  • Angeles-Caglate Elementary School
  • Pambilan Elementary School
  • R.T. Camacho Elementary School
  • C.B. Encarnado Elementary School
  • Mater Carmelli Catholic School (Parochial School)



Alabat is accessible by land where tricycles are administered by Alabat Tricycle Operators and Drivers Association (ALTODA) and jeepneys travelling in and out of the town; and water transportation via Atimonan-Alabat Route through the Alabat Feeder Port. Traveling around the town proper is no problem since there are hundreds of tricycles circling the Town Proper.


Alabat is served by a landline company like SANTELCOR, while the wireless phones and internet are provided by national communications companies Smart, Globe and Sun Cellular and a postal service is served by PHILPost.


The Alabat Cable TV System operates and covers most of the town while Quezon I Electric Cooperative provides Electricity to Alabat and nearby-towns. Alabat Municipal Waterworks System provide the waterworks.

Health Facilities[edit]

Alabat has a public hospital that is capable of providing most common medical services, as well as in handling medical emergencies. Alabat Island District Hospital, the institution which are considered to provide the same standard of healthcare and services, differing mainly with the medical and diagnostic facilities at hand.

These are staffed with qualified medical practitioners. The doctors are graduates of the many top reputable medical schools in the Philippines. Likewise, the nurses are the products of the many credible nursing schools in the country.

Financial Facilities[edit]

  • Rural Bank of Alabat
  • Landbank
  • Small and Medium Enterprises
  • Alabat Multipurpose Cooperative
  • Alabat Island Pawnshop
  • Clickloan Pawnshop
  • M & W Pawnshop
  • Alabat Financing Corporation
  • CARD Bank

Sister Cities[edit]

  • Makati City
  • Valenzuela City


  1. ^ a b "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: QUEZON". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population". 2015 Census of Population and Housing. Philippine Statistics Office. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Climatic Normals of the Philippines (1951-1985)" (PDF). PAGASA. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 

External links[edit]