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Alagonia (Ancient Greek: Ἀλαγονία) was a town of Laconia, ancient Greece, near the Messenian frontier, belonging to the Eleuthero-Lacones, containing temples of the Greek gods Dionysus and Artemis. This town was 30 stadia distant from Gerenia, but its site is unknown,[1] although it may be synonymous with the modern district within Kalamata, in the prefecture of Messenia.[2]

The city was named after the mythological Alagonia, a daughter of Zeus and Europa.[1][3][4]


  1. ^ a b Pausanias, Description of Greece iii. 21. § 6-7, iii. 26. § 8-11
  2. ^ Smith, William (1857), "Alagonia", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, 1, London: Walton & Maberly, pp. 82–83 
  3. ^ Nat. Com. viii. 23
  4. ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867), "Alagonia", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, Boston: Little, Brown and Company, p. 88