Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz

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Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz
Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz (1850–1921)
Born 11 August 1850
Died 31 October 1921 (1921-11-01) (aged 71)
Nationality Polish
Alma mater University of Breslau
Jagiellonian University
Known for central nervous system Adamkiewicz reaction
Scientific career
Fields pathology
Influences Rudolf Peter Heinrich Heidenhain

Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz (Polish: [adamˈkʲɛvitʂ]; 11 August 1850 – 31 October 1921) was a Polish pathologist born in Żerków.[1]


Adamkiewicz earned his medical doctorate in 1873 from the University of Breslau where he was a student-assistant to physiologist Rudolf Peter Heinrich Heidenhain. From 1879 until 1892, he was chief of general and experimental pathology at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow.[2]

Adamkiewicz is remembered for his pathological examinations of the central nervous system. His research of the variable vascularity of the spinal cord was an important contribution to the development of modern clinical vascular surgery. He is credited with describing the major anterior segmental medullary artery, which is now known as the Artery of Adamkiewicz.[2]

In the early 1890s, Adamkiewicz published a series of articles claiming the discovery of a cancer-causing parasite he called Coccidium sarcolytus, as well as the existence of an anti-cancer serum. Further testing proved the serum a failure, and Adamkiewicz was severely criticized by the medical community at Jagiellonian University. Soon afterwards, he relocated to Vienna, where he practiced medicine at Rothschild Hospital.[2]

He is credited for the creation of the Adamkiewicz test, a test for detecting tryptophan, an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Google Books My Own Private Germany: Daniel Paul Schreber's Secret History of Modernity by Eric L. Santner
  2. ^ a b c Skalski JH, Zembala M (November 2005). "Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz: the discoverer of the variable vascularity of the spinal cord". Ann. Thorac. Surg. 80 (5): 1971–5. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2005.06.022. PMID 16242505. Archived from the original on 2013-04-14. 

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