Hood performing at Sydney's Bush Music Club, November 2014
|Birth name||Alexander Stewart Ferguson Hood|
|Also known as||Alec Hood|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, songwriter, singer, author, playwright, actor, entertainer, folklorist|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, banjo, bones|
|Labels||Wattle Records, Music For Pleasure Australia, AXIS, EMI Australia|
|Associated acts||The Bushwhackers, The Rambleers, Daw, Hood And Henderson, Alex & Annette Hood's Australian Folk Theatre|
Alexander Stewart Ferguson "Alex" Hood (born 1935) is an Australian folk singer, writer, actor, children's entertainer/educator and folklorist. He is regarded as one of Australia's most prolific writers and entertainers.
Hood was born in Sydney and attended Homebush Boys High School, where he gained his Intermediate Certificate. As a teenager he was a keen cricketer but left school at age 15 to take up an apprenticeship as an electrician. He joined the Eureka Youth League, a communist youth association, meeting Bill Berry and Chris Kempster. Kempster, along with the older singer and folklorist John Meredith, a founding member of the (original) Bushwhackers (Australia's first bush band), were members of the Unity Singers, a Sydney left-wing choir formed in 1951.
Initial musical influences and career
In 1953 Reedy River, a new Australian musical play based around the 1891 Australian shearers' strike, was created, opening first at the Melbourne New Theatre and then subsequently in Sydney's New Theatre, also in 1953. For the Sydney production, Meredith's Bushwhackers group were selected to provide the musical accompaniment; Hood spent some time "hanging around backstage" and, when Kempster had to take three months leave to perform his national service, the nineteen year old Hood, then known as Alec, deputised for him playing the part of "Snowy". (Hood also later took on the part of "Bob the Swagman" for a time, otherwise played by Cecil Grivas).
As a result of this involvement, Hood acquired a love of traditional Australian "bush" music and both he and Kempster became accepted members of the band, which however eventually led to friction between them (as the younger members) and Meredith, who decided that the best course of action was to disband the group in 1957, telling the various members that if they wanted to carry on performing, it would be under the auspices of the Sydney "Bush Music Club" (still in existence as at 2020) with which they had all been associated, but no longer under the "Bushwhackers" band name. Hood, together with Kempster on guitar and banjo and Harry Kay on harmonica then formed "The Rambleers", utilizing their preference to sing in harmony as opposed to the unison singing style of the Bushwhackers. The group toured and released a 10-inch LP The Old Bark Hut followed with a 7-inch 33 rpm record Waltzing Matilda, both 1958, and also appeared in a 1960 stage production Fisher's Ghost, a play by Douglas Stewart based on the Fisher's Ghost legend, together with singers Barbara Lisyak and Denis Kevans.
In 1962 Hood teamed up with British singer Chuck Quinton as "The Rambling Boys", spending several months touring with the "Gill Brothers" circus troupe before taking off on their own touring throughout outback New South Wale. Hood and his first wife, Gabrielle, subsequently established the Folk Arts Centre at 90 Queen Street, Woollahra, modelled after Israel Young's Folklore Centre in Greenwich Village, New York City, however the Centre lasted only a year before closing.
From 1961-1962 Hood joined the Australian folk/jazz singer Marian Henderson and international jazz guitarist/ commercial artist Chris Daw, recently arrived in Sydney, in a trio "Daw, Hood And Henderson" which released an EP Oh Pay Me (1962); he also performed (solo) on a various artists 1964 EP Basic Wage Dream. He also worked with guitarist Brian Godden as "The Prodigal Sons" (active 1968-69), who recorded a single entitled The Didgeridoo/The Girl On The Five Dollar Note, released by Parlophone Australia in 1969.
Hood released his first solo LP Alex Hood Sings of Australia's First Hundred Years in 1964 in conjunction with a pocket songbook. This was followed by a number of other albums including The Second Hundred Years (1970), Songs From the Wallaby Track (c. 1971), Seasons of Change (1975), Songs While the Billy Boils (also released as Songs Of Australia) (1977), Me and My Friends (1979), Sydney or The Bush (c. 1982) and Me and More Friends (1991). He also contributed to a book + LP release The Restless Years in 1968, along with the actor/reciter Peter O'Shaughnessy and singer Marian Henderson (the package was a spin-off of a 1967 TV film of the same name written and acted in by O'Shaughnessy), and was instrumental in getting the Scottish-Australian singer Harry Robertson recorded for the label MFP Australia in 1971, during which he took the lead vocal on two of Harry's songs on the resulting Robertson album Whale Chasing Men: Songs of Whaling in Ice and Sun.
In conjunction with his albums of songs, Hood wrote a number of books, plays and folk operas for children, including "Pumpkin Paddy meets the Bunyip" and "Brumby Jack Saves the Wild Bush Horses" (both 1972), "The Flying Pieman" (1974), "Herman's German band meets Thunderbolt" (1974) with Robert Smith, and "Speewah" (1978). Songs from "The Flying Pieman" were also released on LP in c. 1974.
Field and oral history recordings
Hood began to record traditional music, folklore and oral histories when he was touring in rural New South Wales in 1968. In 1972 he recorded Aboriginal children of Arnhem Land singing and chanting while on an Arts Council tour of the Northern Territory. These recordings became part of the Alex and Annette Hood Collection now held at the National Library of Australia, which consists of about 200 recordings made between 1968 and 2006. The early recordings contain folk music and folklore, but most of the later recordings are oral histories including interviews with miners, drovers, bullock drivers, farmers, folk singers and dancers, as well as a cattle dealer, a photographer, a town planner, a jockey, a conservationist, a coach builder and a doctor, mostly recorded in New South Wales with some forays into Queensland. Included in the interviewees are politicians (Doug Anthony), photographers (Robert Walker), writers (Merv Lilley and Roger Milliss), singers (Marian Henderson) and the dancer Garry Lester.
Australian Folk Theatre (Alex and Annette Hood)
In 1982 Alex met Annette James (b. 1948 in Sydney), who had trained as a dancer, and together they created their "Alex and Annette Hood's Australian Folk Theatre". Subsequently married to Hood, she accompanied him on his country tours and in particular was responsible for the puppets, costumes and backdrops for the Folk Theatre show, which toured Australia for 24 years performing songs, dances, stories and yarns to audiences of children, having completed over 7,500 shows by 2012. The show often featured humanitarian and environmental themes and toured constantly, filling out its busy schools schedule with additional shows for adults and performances at Australian folk festivals.
Hood kept up a busy schedule as entertainer, recording musician, playwright and actor for many years and was featured in 2014 (aged 78-79) at Sydney's still-operational Bush Music Club, as well as the 2017 Illawarra Folk Festival. Together with his wife Annette, he eventually retired to the Kiama district of New South Wales, where he continues to perform in public on an occasional basis. Meanwhile, Alex and Annette continue to make oral history recordings for the National Library of Australia; by late 2019 there were 63 such sessions added to the relevant collection dated 2010 and later.
Alex and Annette Hood are to be the 2020 recipients of the National Folk Festival Lifetime Achievement Award for "significant commitment and contribution to enriching folk music and culture in Australia" through their lifetime.
With The Bushwhackers
Wattle Records "A Series" 78s
- A1 The Bushwhackers: The Drover's Dream / The Bullockies' Ball (1956)
- A2 The Bushwhackers: Travelling Down the Castlereagh / Australia's on the Wallaby (1956)
- A3 The Bushwhackers: Old Bullock Dray / Nine Miles from Gundagai (1956)
- A4 The Bushwhackers: Give a Fair Go / Rabbiter (not issued?)
- A5 The Bushwhackers: Botany Bay / Click Go the Shears (1956)
- A11 The Bushwhackers: Black Velvet Band / The Hut That's Upside-Down (1956)
"B Series" 7" 33rpm EPs
- B1 The Bushwhackers: Australian Bush Songs (1957)
- ?? The Bushwhackers: Nine Miles from Gundagai (1957)
With The Rambleers
- The Rambleers: The Old Bark Hut (10" LP) Wattle C 8, 1958
- The Rambleers: Waltzing Matilda/The Shearer's Dream" (7" EP) 1958
- The Rambleers: The Shearers Dream (78 rpm record) Wattle A17, 1958
...The above recordings reissued on CD with additional tracks as The Rambleers National Library Of Australia/Wattle Recordings (no number), 2002; also includes unreleased recordings for a performance of the Douglas Stewart play "Fisher's Ghost" with singers Barbara Lisyak & Denis Kevans, 1960.
The following short films were released under the name "Wattle Films". Silvia Salisbury stated in 2012: "These short films used Australian songs sung by Alex Hood as a background to a film version of the song. ... These films were sold to the ABC to be used as fillers when programmes finished early due to the ABC not having advertisements." It is not known whether the vocals used were new recordings, or were recordings already available on previous Wattle releases.
- Wattle Ballad Series No. 1 Old Black Billy The Rambleers 1961
- Wattle Ballad Series No. 3 Reedy River The Rambleers 1961
- Wattle Ballad Series No. 4 The Old Bullock Dray The Bushwhackers 1961
- Wattle Ballad Series No. 5 Click Go the Shears The Rambleers 1961
As "Daw, Hood And Henderson" (with Chris Daw and Marian Henderson)
- Daw, Hood And Henderson: Oh Pay Me (6 track EP) Blue and White Collar Records BW 1, 1962
Solo and with others
- Various artists: Basic Wage Dream (6 track EP) Blue and White Collar Records BW 2, 1964 (as Alec Hood; other tracks by Arthur Greig, Don Ayrton and David Lumsden)
- Alex Hood Sings of Australia's First Hundred Years MFP-A8041, 1964
- Peter O'Shaughnessy, Marian Henderson and Alex Hood: The Restless Years (Book and accompanying LP). Jacaranda Press, Sydney, 1968 (?1970)
- The Second Hundred Years MFP-A8133, 1970
- Songs From the Wallaby Track AXIS 6029, c.1971
- The Flying Pieman AXIS 6146, c.1974
- Seasons of Change AXIS 6218, 1975
- Songs While the Billy Boils MFP-A8225, 1977 (?same as Songs Of Australia, AXIS 6007, 1977; the latter subsequently on CD by Sony BMG Music Entertainment 82876869672)
- Me and My Friends MFP-A8220, 1979
- Sydney or The Bush EMI, 1981 (?1982)
- Me and More Friends Albert Productions 469322 2, 1991
- Alex Hood sings Australian folk songs in the Alex Hood folklore collection - Recorded on April 11, 2002 in Canberra A.C.T. (not for commercial release, recording available via the National Library of Australia, catalogue record available here)
- Included on Various artists: The Songs of Chris Kempster CKP041 2006
- Included on Various artists: Songs of Don Henderson Shoestring Records SR 81 2009
Books, plays and notes
- The Old Bark Hut (1958): Notes and text of songs to accompany 1958 Rambleers' recording of "The Old Bark Hut", Wattle Recordings
- Australian Folksong Songster (1964). Description: "Australian folk songs songster, no. 1 : Authentic Australian folksongs from Alex Hood's L.P. record 'The first hundred years'"
- Albert's Australian folksongs song folio. [No. 1] arranged by Alex & Gabrielle Hood (1964)
- The Pumpkin Paddy Songster (1970) - Music; for medium voice with guitar chords.
- The Wallaby Track : an Australian folk opera in ten episodes / songs presented by Alex Hood ; dialogues for the plays: Alex Hood (1971)
- Pumpkin Paddy meets the Bunyip (1972) illustrated by Suzanne Dolesch
- Brumby Jack Saves the Wild Bush Horses (1972) illustrated by Suzanne Dolesch
- The Flying Pieman: a musical play by Alex Hood (1974)
- Bill Jinks and the Whale (1974) illustrated by Bob Smith
- Herman's German band meets Thunderbolt (1975) illustrated by Robert Smith
- Speewah (1978) drama/musical; illustrated by Penelope Janjic
- Eureka : Beneath the Southern Cross (1984) (ABC education radio feature for primary schools)
- Songs of Australia (1988)
- Queensland Arts Council presents Alex and Annette Hood in Across Capricorn: study guide (1998) [written and edited by Sandra Gattenhof]
- Hood, Alex (1935–) Biographical monograph at National Library of Australia
- Alex Hood interviewed by Keith McKenry [sound recording, National Library of Australia, 2002]
- McKenry, Keith. 2014. "More than a Life: John Meredith and the Fight for Australian Tradition." Rosenberg Publishing, 488 pp.
- Chris Kempster Obituary by Keith McKenry (First published in The Australian, February 2004)
- National Library of Australia: The Rambleers.
- Turnbull, Malcolm J.: "Key Players on the Sydney Coffee Lounge Scene - Part 2."
- National Library of Australia: Chris Daw interviewed by Alex and Annette Hood in the Alex Hood folklore collection [sound recording.]
- Gregory, Mark, c. 2007. "Sixty Years of Australian Union Songs: The Australian Folk Revival and The Australian Labour Movement Since The Second World War." Presented for the degree of Master of Arts by Research, Division of Humanities, Dept of Contemporary Music Studies, Macquarie University, Sydney.
- ABC Radio National: "The Eastern and Western musical adventures of Brian Godden". Broadcast Sunday 8 March 2015 5:30AM.
- National Library of Australia: Hood Collection
- Alex Hood's reminiscences of the Bushwhackers, at the National Folk Festival 2012
- Alex Hood @ BMC, November 2014
- Bush Music Club: Report on members and friends gigs at Folk by the Sea, Kiama 2015 (17 January 2018)
- 32nd Illawarra Folk Festival Taster - chance for locals!
- [Australian] National Folk Festival: Lifetime Achievement Award 2020
- Australian Folk Songs: List of Wattle Records and Films
- Silvia Salisbury, 2012. Memories of Reedy River and the Bush Music Club
- Alex Hood photographed in 1972 (Getty Images)
- Annette and Alex Hood photographed in 2001 - portrait by Loui Seselja
- Alex and Annette Hood with Australian Folk Theatre puppets (no further details given)
- Alex Hood interviewed by Keith McKenry, 2002. Sound recording, catalogue record in National Library of Australia.
- Alex Hood interviewed by Chris Sullivan, 2006. Sound recording, catalogue record in National Library of Australia.
- Alex Hood discography on discogs.com
- The Bushwhackers - Australian Bush Songs, Wattle Recordings, 1957 - includes reproduction of liner notes/leaflet accompanying the EP Australian Bush Songs
- "The Restless Years" original 1967 TV production (review plus links to download as .avi file)
- Bush Music Club Gallery - 1952-1957 Bushwhackers - collection of photos, record covers etc. featuring the Bushwhackers (including 2002 reunion)
- Paul the Stockman reviews The Restless Years 1968 LP (with audio download file)
- Chris and Virginia Woodland Collection - Wake for John Meredith, AM (1920 - 2001) - 24th March 2001 - includes photographs of original Bushwhackers members including Alex Hood
- Photographs from the Rambleers reunion, Illawarra Folk Festival, Jamberoo 2002, including Harry Kay, Barbara Lysisk, Alex Hood and Chris Kempster
- Alex Hood's reminiscences of the Bushwhackers, at the National Folk Festival 2012 - includes photos plus mp3 audio file of brief talk (2.5 mins)
- Transcript of interview with Harry Kay, ex Bushwhackers and Rambleers conducted 17 March 2004 (covers early history of the Bushwhackers, Reedy River, the Rambleers, etc.)
- List of Items authored by Alex Hood in the NLA (National Library of Australia) Collection
- List of Items authored by Annette Hood in the NLA (National Library of Australia) Collection