Carson studied in Glasgow and was ordained as a minister in the Presbyterian Church in Ireland in Tobermore, County Londonderry in 1798. After several years he left the Presbyterian Church in Ireland and published Reasons for Separating from the General Synod of Ulster (Edinburgh, 1804) as justification of his action, where he stated:
Shall I then submit to be cooped up in a corner and restrained by human fetters from lending a hand to rescue my brethren from the pit of destruction?
Members of his former church followed him and, for 10 years, he preached in barns or the open air until a stone church was built for him in 1814. In the early part of his independent career, while studying the New Testament in order to confute the Baptists, he became a Baptist himself, and advocated their views with the exception of close communion.
Carson's Baptism in Its Mode and Subjects Considered (Edinburgh, 1831; enlarged ed., 1844) is a Baptist classic. His other writings were numerous and treat topics of Bible interpretation, philosophy, and doctrinal and practical theology. His collected works were published in six volumes in Dublin between 1847-64.
- Association of Baptist Churches in Ireland
- Irish Baptist Association
- "Carson, Alexander (1776-1844)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Brackney, William H. A Genetic History of Baptist Thought: With Special Reference to Baptists in Britain and North America. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2004.
- Oxford Biography Index
- Carson, Alexander: Reasons for Separating from the General Synod of Ulster, page 103, 1804
- Association of Baptist Churches in Ireland[permanent dead link]
- "Carson, Alexander". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
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