Aleksandr Deyneka

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Aleksandr Alexandrovich Deyneka
Aleksandr Deyneka.jpg
Native name Александр Александрович Дейнека
Born 20 May 1899
Kursk, Imperial Russia
Died 12 June 1969(1969-06-12) (aged 70)
Moscow, USSR
Resting place Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow
Nationality Russian
Citizenship Soviet Union
Alma mater VKhUTEMAS
Occupation Painter, graphic artist, sculptor.
Spouse(s) Serafima Lychyova (1930-1959), Yelena Volkova-Deyneka (1959-1969)

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Deyneka (Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Дейне́ка; May 20, 1899 – June 12, 1969) was a Soviet Russian painter, graphic artist and sculptor, regarded as one of the most important Russian modernist figurative painters of the first half of the 20th century. His Collective Farmer on a Bicycle (1935) has been described as exemplifying the Socialist Realist style.[1]

Life and career[edit]

Deyneka was born in Kursk[2] and studied at Kharkov Art College (pupil of Alexander Lubimov) and at VKhUTEMAS. He was a founding member of groups such as OST and Oktyabr,[3] and his work gained wide exposure in major exhibitions. His paintings and drawings (the earliest are often monochrome due to the shortage of art supplies) depict genre scenes as well as labour and often sports. Deyneka later began painting monumental works, such as The Defence of Petrograd in 1928, which remains his most iconic painting, and The Battle of Sevastopol in 1942, The Outskirts of Moscow. November 1941 and The Shot-Down Ace. His mosaics are a feature of Mayakovskaya metro station in Moscow. He is in the highest category "1A - a world famous artist" in "United Artists Rating".

Deyneka is buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow.

Legacy[edit]

The title from one of Deyneka's works, "Work, Build and Don’t Whine", was used as the title for a 2016 exhibition of Socialist Realist art at London's Gallery for Russian Arts and Design. One modern critic, however, suggested that Deyneka's posters are less radical than his fore-bearers like Alexander Rodchenko, and as a result, less interesting.[4]

Honours and awards[edit]

Selected works[edit]

"The Defense of Petrograd", 1928
"The Defense of Sevastopol", 1942
"Hockey Players", mosaic, 1959 - 1960
  • Three Women's Figures, 1920s
  • The Cabaret, 1921
  • Перед спуском в шахту, 1924
  • Football, 1924
  • After the Rain. Kursk, 1925
  • Springtime, 1925
  • The Skiers, 1926
  • Tennis, 1926
  • На стройке новых цехов, 1926
  • Textile Workers, 1927
  • The Ode to the Spring, 1927
  • The Defense of Petrograd, 1928, Central Museum of the Defense Forces of the USSR, Moscow
  • Механизируем Донбасс! (poster), 1930
  • Китай на пути освобождения от империализма (poster), 1930
  • Надо стать самим специалистами (poster), 1930
  • Book Cover, 1931
  • The Interventionists' Mercenary, 1931
  • On the Balcony, 1931
  • Crosscountry Race, 1931
  • A Girl at the Window. Winter, 1931
  • Mother, 1932
  • Soccer Game, 1932
  • The Sleeping Boy With Cornflowers, 1932
  • Noon, 1932
  • The Football Player, 1932
  • Кто кого?, 1932
  • In the Airs, 1932
  • The Night Landscape with Horses and Dry Grasses, 1933
  • Girls Swimming, 1933
  • Dry Leaves, 1933
  • Resting Children, 1933
  • Communists at Interrogation, 1933
  • Физкультурница / Работать, строить и не ныть! (poster), 1933
  • Without Work in Berlin, 1933
  • The Pier, 1933
  • The Race, 1933
  • Runners, 1934
  • Skiers, 1934
  • Landscape with a Herd, 1934
  • Goalkeeper, 1934
  • A Pioneer. Kursk, 1934
  • Crimean Pioneers, 1934
  • A Parachuter above the Sea, 1934
  • Quirinal Place, Rome, 1934
  • Spanish Stairways, 1934
  • A Street in Rome
  • Monks, 1935
  • An Italian motif, 1935
  • The Park, 1935
  • The Portrait of S.I.L. with the Straw Hat, 1935
  • Tuileries, 1935
  • Quai de la Seine, 1935
  • Paris. In a Café, 1935
  • Une parisienne, 1935
  • Негритянский концерт, 1935
  • The Boredom, 1935
  • The Road to Mount-Vernon, 1935
  • Collective Farmer on a Bicycle at the Wayback Machine (archived June 24, 2008), 1935[1]
  • A Lunch Break in Donbass, 1935
  • Первая пятилетка, 1936
  • The Model, 1936
  • The Future Pilots, 1937
  • The Stakhanovites, 1937
  • Woman in Red, 1939
  • The Lilacs
  • Nikitka – The First Russian Pilot, 1940
  • The Left March, 1941
  • The Outskirts of Moscow. November 1941
  • Sverdlov Place in December 1941
  • Evening. The Patriarch Ponds, 1941
  • A Burned down Village, 1942
  • Эвакуация колхозного скота
  • Колхозницы роют противотанковые рвы на подступах к Москве
  • Ремонт танков на прифронтовом заводе
  • Танки идут на фронт
  • Наступление началось
  • The Defense of Sebastopol, 1942
  • The Knocked down Ace, 1943
  • Nude Woman Sitting, 1943
  • Under Occupation, 1944
  • Expanse, 1944
  • Above the Devastated Berlin, 1944
  • Berlin. The Day of the Declaration, 1945
  • A Stadium in Berlin, 1945
  • Near Kursk. Tuskor' River, 1945
  • Relay Race (sculpture), 1945
  • A Boxer (sculpture), 1947
  • 100-meter Race (sculpture), 1947
  • The Relay Race on the Ring B, 1947
  • Donbass, 1947
  • The Studio Window, 1947
  • In Sebastopol, 1947
  • Self-portrait, 1948
  • The Space of Building Sites under Moscow, 1949
  • The Skiers (mosaic)], 1950
  • Football Players (sculpture), 1950
  • Перед забегом (sculpture), 1951
  • A Nude Girl, 1951
  • Дачный поселок Кратово, 1951
  • In Sebastopol, 1947
  • On the Skating Rink in Kratovo, 1951
  • The Snow Maiden, 1954
  • The Laying Woman with a Ball, 1954
  • Still Life. Strawberries, 1955
  • A Nude Model, 1955
  • Football players (sculpture), 1955
  • The Tractor Driver, 1956
  • In Sebastopol, 1956
  • Near the Sea, 1956–1957
  • Putting the Shot (sculpture), 1957
  • Голова парашютиста (mosaic), 1957
  • A Nice Morning (mosaic)], 1959–1960
  • Hockey Players (mosaic)], 1959–1960
  • October Slogans of Peace by the Narvsky Gate, 1960
  • A Milker (mosaic), 1962
  • The Red Guardsman (mosaic), 1962
  • A Villa in Rome, 1965
  • The Young Designer, 1966
  • In the South (detail), 1966
  • Владимир Маяковский в РОСТА
  • Летнее приволье
  • Running Sportswoman (sculpture)
  • The Cat and the Cook

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Left out in the cold" by Alastair Smart in The Telegraph 8 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  2. ^ Aleksandr Deyneka. Olga Prodan, RT Russiapedia, 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2013. Archived here.
  3. ^ Художник недели: Александр Дейнека
  4. ^ Güner, Fisun (13 June 2016). "From kitchen slaves to industrial workers – the superwomen of Soviet art". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 

External links[edit]