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Ali Ghider
علي قدر
Ali Ghider, Ali-Guider, Alighedir
Ali Ghider
Ali Ghider is located in Eritrea
Ali Ghider
Ali Ghider
Location in Eritrea
Coordinates: 15°07′N 36°29′E / 15.117°N 36.483°E / 15.117; 36.483
CountryFlag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea
DistrictTeseney District

Ali Ghider (Arabic: علي قدر) is located ten kilometers to the west of Teseney in the country of Eritrea. It is part of the Teseney sub-zone and has a diverse population.[1] It is considered the last settlement in Eritrea before reaching the Sudanese Border[2] and is located in the lowlands.[3]

Agriculture, livestock raising and trade are very important to the economy of the area. Ali Ghider has access to potable water from both the Gash River and underground water resources.[1] Processes of irrigation have created an artificial marsh near the Gash River which provides a large habitat for many bird species.[4]

Ali Ghider was once an Italian frontier village.[5] Ali Ghider was an agricultural area, growing cotton and other crops, and managed by the Societa Impresse Africana (SIA).[6] SIA helped develop Ali Ghider into a company town, housing tenant farmers and other workers on the plantation.[6] A school and clinic were set up and by the 1950s, the plantation employed 2,000 Eritreans, 15 Italians and "provided a residence for another 12,000 part time workers and family members."[6]

A well-known Italian business that was established for many years in Ali Ghider was the Barattolo cotton plantation which was established in 1965 by Roberto Barattolo in a purchase from SIA.[7] This acquisition from the SIA allowed Barattolo to export knitwear to both Europe and the Middle East.[6]

Ali Ghider received significant damage from the sacking by Ethiopian forces.[2] Many of the Italian artifacts left from its time as a frontier village were destroyed in 2001 through Ethiopian military actions.[5]

Coordinates: 15°07′00″N 36°29′00″E / 15.11667°N 36.48333°E / 15.11667; 36.48333


  1. ^ a b Ghebrehiwet, Kesete (15 June 2012). "Teseney Sub-Zone: Economic, Agricultural and Multi-Cultural Hub". Eritrea - Ministry of Information. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b Denison, Edward (2007). Eritrea (4th ed.). Guilford, Connecticut: Bradt Travel Guides. pp. 216–217. ISBN 978-1-84162-171-5.
  3. ^ Mehreteab, Amanuel (2004). Wake Up, Hanna!: Reintegration and Reconstruction Challenges for Post-War Eritrea. Lawrenceville, New Jersey: The Red Sea Press, Inc. p. 98. ISBN 1-56902-192-9.
  4. ^ "Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas". Bird Life International. 2001. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Tessenei Eritrea". Etritrea. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d Connell, Dan; Killion, Tom (2011). Historical Dictionary of Eritrea (2nd ed.). Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, Inc. pp. 62–64, 115. ISBN 978-0-8108-7505-0.
  7. ^ "Roberto Barattolo and the Eritrean Textile Industry". Dolce Vita: The Italian Lifestyle. Retrieved 8 July 2015.