Almendra Dam

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Almendra Dam
Almendra 2.JPG
Main arch section (left)
Buttress section (right)
Almendra Dam is located in Spain
Almendra Dam
Location of Almendra Dam in Spain
Coordinates41°16′7.83″N 6°19′13.43″W / 41.2688417°N 6.3203972°W / 41.2688417; -6.3203972Coordinates: 41°16′7.83″N 6°19′13.43″W / 41.2688417°N 6.3203972°W / 41.2688417; -6.3203972
Construction began1964
Opening date1970
Dam and spillways
Type of damArch with buttress section
ImpoundsRiver Tormes
Height202 m (663 ft)
Length567 m (1,860 ft)
Dam volume2,186,000 m3 (2,859,180 cu yd)
Spillway capacity3,039 m3/s (107,321 cu ft/s)
Total capacity2,500,000,000 m3 (2,026,783 acre⋅ft)
Catchment area7,100 km2 (2,741 sq mi)[1]
Villarino Power Station
Coordinates41°15′42.69″N 6°29′36.38″W / 41.2618583°N 6.4934389°W / 41.2618583; -6.4934389
Commission date1970-1977
TypeConventional, diversion
Turbines6 x 135 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity810 MW

The Almendra Dam, also known as Villarino Dam, in Salamanca, Spain, interrupts the course of the River Tormes five kilometres from the village from which it takes its name: Almendra (literally, almond). It was constructed between 1964 and 1970.

The arch dam forms part of the hydroelectric system known as the Saltos del Duero (in English "the Duero Drops"), along with the Castro, Ricobayo, Saucelle and Villalcampo dams of Spain, and the Bemposta, Miranda and Picote Dams of nearby Portugal.

The reservoir that backs up behind the dam covers 86.5 square kilometres and contains 2.5 billion cubic metres of water as well as several drowned villages, among them Argusinos. The dam is more than half a kilometre wide and, at a height of 202 metres, one of Spain's tallest structures.

The dam supplies the Villarino Power Station with water via a tunnel for hydroelectric power generation. It is located underground about 14 km (8.7 mi) west of the dam. Water discharged from the power station enters the Douro River. The power station has an installed capacity of 810 MW and was completed in 1977.[2]



  1. ^ "Almendra Dam" (in Spanish). Spanish Society of Dams and Reservoirs. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Conventional Hydroelectric Plants in Spain - Castilla y Leon". IndustCards. Retrieved 8 February 2015.

External links[edit]

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