Amazon black howler

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Amazon black howler[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Atelidae
Genus: Alouatta
A. nigerrima
Binomial name
Alouatta nigerrima
Lönnberg, 1941
Amazon Black Howler area.png
Amazon black howler range

The Amazon black howler (Alouatta nigerrima) is a species of howler monkey, a type of New World monkey, endemic to the south-central Amazon in Brazil.[2] Until 2001, most authorities included it as a subspecies (or simply a taxonomically insignificant variation) of the red-handed howler,[3] though its distinction had already been pointed out much earlier.[4] As suggested by its name, it typically appears entirely black.[5]


  1. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 149. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ a b Boubli, J.-P.; Di Fiore, A.; Rylands, A.B. & Mittermeier, R.A. (2008). "Alouatta nigerrima". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T136332A4275807. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T136332A4275807.en. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  3. ^ Groves, C. (2001). Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press. ISBN 1-56098-872-X
  4. ^ da Cruz Lima, E. (1945). Mammals of Amazônia. Vol. 1. Contribuições do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi de História Natural e Etnografia.
  5. ^ Gregorin, R. (2006). (in Portuguese) Taxonomia e variação geográfica das espécies do gênero Alouatta Lacépède (Primates, Atelidae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 23(1).