Alt-Berlin

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Coat of Arms Map
Seal Berlin 1280.png

Seal of 1280

Karte berlin stadthaus3.png

Alt-Berlin within city centre

Basic Information
City: Berlin
Borough: Mitte
Locality: Mitte
Area:  ?
Population:  ?
Coordinates: 52°31′05″N 13°24′34″E / 52.51806°N 13.40944°E / 52.51806; 13.40944Coordinates: 52°31′05″N 13°24′34″E / 52.51806°N 13.40944°E / 52.51806; 13.40944
Elevation: 34 m (111 ft) above sea level
Neighborhoods in Berlin-Mitte: Old Cölln [1] (with Museum Island [1a], Fisher Island [1b]), Alt-Berlin [2] (with Nikolaiviertel [2a]), Friedrichswerder [3], Neukölln am Wasser [4], Dorotheenstadt [5], Friedrichstadt [6], Luisenstadt [7], Stralauer Vorstadt (with Königsstadt) [8], Alexanderplatz Area (Königsstadt and Altberlin) [9], Spandauer Vorstadt [10] (with Scheunenviertel [10a]), Friedrich-Wilhelm-Stadt [11], Oranienburger Vorstadt [12], Rosenthaler Vorstadt [13]

Alt-Berlin ("Old Berlin"), also spelled Altberlin, is a neighbourhood (Stadtviertel), situated in the Berliner locality (Ortsteil) of Mitte, part of the homonymous borough. In the 13th century it was the sister town of the old Cölln, located on the northern Spree Island in the Margraviate of Brandenburg. It counts in its territory the zone of Nikolaiviertel.

History[edit]

Central Berlin map of 1688 with Altberlin shown in pink

First mentioned in 1244, 7 years after Cölln, it represents the original core of the modern Berlin. The first stone fortification was built, to defend both cities, in 1250 and in 1251 it gained city rights. In 1280 Berlin, gained the right to mint currency. In that period it appeared on a coat of arms for the first time, close to the symbol of the imperial eagle, two stylized bears; antecedents of the actual rampant bear, symbol of the city. On 20 March 1307 the town was united with Cölln (maintaining its name, Berlin) forming a trading union on political and security matters, and participated in the Hanseatic League.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Alt-Berlin, crossed at its southern borders by the river Spree, is located in the middle of the city. Its northern borders are represented, except for the square area of Alexanderplatz, by the Stadtbahn railway line between the station of Jannowitzbrücke and a rail bridge after Hackescher Markt station.

Photogallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Alt-Berlin at Wikimedia Commons