Amazon Creek

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Amazon Creek
Amazon Creek.JPG
Along the creek
Country United States
State Oregon
County Lane
Source near Spencer Butte
 - location Eugene
 - elevation 1,079 ft (329 m) [1]
 - coordinates 43°59′19″N 123°05′02″W / 43.98861°N 123.08389°W / 43.98861; -123.08389 [2]
Mouth Long Tom River
 - location west of Junction City
 - elevation 318 ft (97 m) [2]
 - coordinates 44°13′39″N 123°15′49″W / 44.22750°N 123.26361°W / 44.22750; -123.26361Coordinates: 44°13′39″N 123°15′49″W / 44.22750°N 123.26361°W / 44.22750; -123.26361 [2]
Location of the mouth of Amazon Creek in Oregon

Amazon Creek is a stream that runs through southeastern and western Eugene, Oregon, United States. It is a tributary of the Long Tom River and is Eugene's second-largest waterway after the Willamette River.

Background[edit]

Amazon Creek's headwaters are located in Eugene's southeast hills near Spencer Butte. The creek bed has been altered from the foot of Spencer Butte so it flows north from Martin Street through Amazon Park in a channel. At 24th street it enters a 1.75 mile concrete channel. The stream travels north to 18th Avenue, turning west near High Street and continuing into the levee channel (diversion canal) near the Lane County Fairgrounds at Jefferson Street.[3] It continues west to Fern Ridge Reservoir and the Long Tom River.[2] It collects water from 21 square miles of urban landscapes and storm drains, providing flood control, wildlife habitat, and recreation.[4]

In 1946, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers widened, deepened, and realigned the creek from Hilyard Street to Fern Ridge Reservoir in a diversion canal as a means of controlling floodwaters in the area.[3][5][6] The Amazon flood control project was completed in 1958, using a trapezoidal channel designed to withstand a 25-year flood.[3]

The lower reach of Amazon Creek from Bailey Hill Road to the Southern Pacific Railway has been the subject of current restoration efforts to widen the creek and plant native species along the banks.[3] The City of Eugene has designated Amazon Creek as a natural area, noting, "These areas support a wide diversity of plants and wildlife, including many endangered and rare species. These areas also provide valuable ecosystem services… and many other important functions that benefit our community."[7]

Geography[edit]

Coordinates[edit]

Point Coordinate USGS Map name
1 mouth 44°13′39″N 123°15′49″W / 44.227623°N 123.263706°W / 44.227623; -123.263706 (Amazon Creek pt 1 (mouth)) Cheshire
2 44°13′01″N 123°15′04″W / 44.217068°N 123.251206°W / 44.217068; -123.251206 (Amazon Creek pt 2) Junction City
3 44°07′29″N 123°14′11″W / 44.124846°N 123.236482°W / 44.124846; -123.236482 (Amazon Creek pt 3) Eugene West
4 44°02′45″N 123°07′33″W / 44.045958°N 123.125922°W / 44.045958; -123.125922 (Amazon Creek pt 4) Eugene East
5 source 43°59′19″N 123°05′02″W / 43.988736°N 123.083975°W / 43.988736; -123.083975 (Amazon Creek pt 5 (source)) Creswell

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Source elevation derived from Google Earth search using GNIS source coordinates.
  2. ^ a b c d "Amazon Creek". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved January 26, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Land and Water in West Eugene". www.eugene-or.gov. Retrieved May 12, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Exploring Eugene's Amazon Creek". Clean Water Connections from Raindrop to River. City of Eugene Stormwater Management Program. Spring 2016. 
  5. ^ McArthur, Lewis (2003). Oregon Geographic Names. Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 21. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  6. ^ "Amazon Creek Diversion Channel". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved January 19, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Friends of Amazon Creek » About". friendsofamazoncreek.org. Retrieved May 12, 2016. 

External links[edit]