Amazonas before the Inca Empire

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The department of Amazonas in modern Peru – a part of Peru close to the Andes but within the Amazonian forest – has a millennial history.


There is some evidence exhibited on rocky walls dated from the most remote times, including the rock paintings of Chiñuña-Yamón and Limones-Calpón in the province of Utcubamba. Some of these haughty pictorial samples were made by people that had a hunting economy. These people perhaps left their traces 6 or 7 thousand years ago. At the times in which the formation of Peruvian civilization was consolidated, there appeared a type of ceramics mainly identified in Bagua.


From Chachapoyas culture, there are many architectural remains, such as Cuélap, Congón (now called Vilaya), Olán, Purunllacta (now called Monte Peruvia), Pajatén, etc. All these structures appear to be related. Their age is not known, nor the order of their construction.

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