Amber Galloway Gallego
Amber Galloway (born 12 March 1977) is a sign language interpreter specializing in the interpretation of concerts and music festivals, especially rap/hip-hop, into American Sign Language (ASL). She has been described as "..the most recognizable sign language interpreter in the [United States]."
Galloway was born in San Antonio, Texas, and currently lives in Austin, Texas. She identifies as a lesbian. While Galloway is not deaf herself, she is hard of hearing: [@3:12] and has been surrounded by members of the Deaf community since the age of five. Among her deaf and hard of hearing acquaintances in early childhood were her father's girlfriend's son and the two children of her babysitter. In high school, she was friends with a deaf football player she later married. They had three sons together and fostered a Deaf son.
As a child, Galloway wanted to become a rapper, and as a young adult she wanted to become a physical therapist, but a deaf guidance counselor at SAC pushed her to pursue sign language interpretation. While initially skeptical, after attending one semester at the school's ASL interpretation degree program, she committed to it and graduated from SAC with an AA in interpreting for the deaf in 2000. In 2008 she graduated with her bachelor's degree in psychology and then went on to earn a master's degree in ASL/English Interpretation. She interpreted her first live concert in 2001. In 2005, she moved to Houston.
|How sign language innovators are bringing music to the deaf, Interview with Galloway Gallego (2017)|
|Sign language interpreter for Kendrick Lamar - "Fuckin Problems" At Lollapalooza The original "viral video" which brought Galloway Gallego mainstream attention|
A handheld video from the crowd of Galloway interpreting A$AP Rocky's "Fuckin' Problems" (performed by Kendrick Lamar) at Lollapalooza in 2013 became a viral video hit when uploaded to YouTube. Although she had been interpreting at concerts since 2000, the video brought the issue of the accessibility of music to mainstream attention. After the video became popular, Galloway made an appearance on Jimmy Kimmel Live! with Wiz Khalifa. She has since interpreted on stage for over 400 artists such as the Red Hot Chili Peppers and Snoop Dogg.
Galloway's hearing loss is progressive, and she expects to go completely deaf in the future, which is one motivation for her work. Currently, she uses hearing aids and lipreading along with ASL to aid in communication.: [@4:20] When not interpreting, she teaches sign language at Houston Community College (HCC).: [@1:20] She also owns a company, Amber G Productions, which provides interpreters for concerts and other venues. Her interpretations have been described as being in high demand among concert organizers and artists.
In 2011 when she married a professor of psychology and her name then became Amber Galloway-Gallego. They are in the process of a divorce. Galloway has her own YouTube Channel where she has over 48k subscribers. On March 4, 2018, Galloway's son Elijah Goertz died at the age of 22. A video was posted by Galloway to her YouTube channel titled "Elijah's Memorial Video".
Galloway's interpretation style incorporates nonmanual markers (such as facial expressions and body language), thorough research into the meaning of the song and the intentions of the artist, and dance. Because ASL is a distinct language from English with its own grammar and syntax, Galloway first must translate each song into ASL, a process which can take hours. As such, her interpretations are not word-for-word versions of the interpreted song's lyrics.: [@13:12] For some particularly fast-paced songs, such as Eminem's "Rap God", Galloway will sign more rapidly and use shorthand.
While an untrained eye might mistake her interpretations for pantomime, Galloway's performances are all grammatically correct ASL. She was partly inspired to interpret music for the deaf after hosting gatherings at her house attended by many of her deaf friends who watched her interpret music and encouraged her to do so professionally. In an interview with the Houston Chronicle, Galloway noted that all of her interpretations are uncensored, and she does not feel uncomfortable signing "raunchy" lyrics as they are not her words. In an interview with MTV, she described her style and motivations thus:
"Music is more than words, and the problem is that the interpreters, for a long time, have just focused on the words -- and not thought about all the other layers that come with it to actually make it equivalent. I show all the instruments, because [deaf people] need to be able to see the riffs. So, it's kind of like using onomatopoeia [but] in sign language."
Besides watching interpretations, completely deaf people can also feel the vibrations that sound makes, and Galloway is a proponent of music for people of all levels of hearing ability as she views it as a key part of cognitive development.
Galloway has criticized concert venues who only provide closed captioning or opt to hire the lowest salary sign language interpreters who may not be properly certified or who only sign the lyrics of the song to meet the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
- Ward, Alyson (2014-05-05). "Sign language interpreter helps deaf audiences enjoy music, dirty lyrics and all". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
Amber Galloway Gallego, 37, is a sign language instructor at HCC
- Atkins, Hunter (2014-10-14). "Meet The Jay Z Of Hip-Hop Sign Language". Vibe. Retrieved 2016-11-27.
- Smith, Megan (2014-10-01). "Sign Language Celeb". OutSmart Magazine. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
- Wilmore, Brittaney. IIAY17: Sign Language and Music Interpreter Amber Galloway Gallego (YouTube video). Is It Art Yet? (in English and American Sign Language). 3:12 minutes in.
(a) Interviewer: And, coming from personal experience, I mean, you shared with me that you have partial hearing loss? Gallego: Yes. (b) Gallego: So I put my hearing aides on, and I still can't hear. Everything's amplified, but I still have to read lips. I depend on lipreading a lot. (c) Gallego: I've been teaching here at HCC as an adjunct instructor for about seven years now. (d) Gallego: "Turn Down for What"...that one is just a fun one, but it actually has deeper meaning. The song means, "let's party all the time, let's drink it up, but let's also dance, and dance and party the night away", so just because the words stay the same doesn't mean the meaning stays the same. You can change it throughout the song.
- Schnitzler, Nicole (2016-07-26). "Lollapalooza's ASL Interpreter Is Back, With New Moves Up Her Sleeves". Chicago magazine. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
- Dunn, Matthew (2015-06-07). "The woman making music for the deaf". news.com.au. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
- Donaldson, Zoe (2015-11-01). "The Awesome Result of Mixing Hip-Hop and Sign Language". O, The Oprah Magazine. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
- "Lollapalooza 2013 Lineup: Mumford & Sons, The Killers, The Cure Headlining". Billboard. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
- Fleicher, Adam (2015-02-08). "This Is Why Every Concert Stage Needs A Sign Language Interpreter". MTV News. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
- Okrent, Arika (2014-04-10). "3 awesome translations from this sign language rap battle on Jimmy Kimmel Live". The Week. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
- Tharrett, Matthew (2016-08-09). "Watch Queer ASL Interpreter Amber Galloway Gallego Rock Out With The Red Hot Chili Peppers". LOGO News. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
- Gallego, Amber Galloway (27 January 2016). Hearing Privilege (YouTube video) (in English and American Sign Language). 6:40 minutes in.
For myself, I'm hard of hearing ... I [began to lose] my hearing about eight years ago and eventually I am going to end up being completely deaf and I realize that.
- "Obituary of Elijah Alan Goertz". San Saba News & Star. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
- Crockett, Zachary (2015-06-03). "The Sign Language Interpreter of the Rappers". Priceonomics. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
- Clay, Mike; Florance, Loretta (2016-05-27). "Imagine translating a rapper live on stage in real time". ABC News. Retrieved 2017-02-11.