Lamar performing in August 2013
|Born||Kendrick Lamar Duckworth
June 17, 1987
Compton, California, U.S.
Kendrick Lamar Duckworth (born June 17, 1987) is an American rapper and songwriter. He embarked on his musical career as a teenager under the stage name K-Dot, releasing a mixtape that garnered local attention and led to his signing with indie record label Top Dawg Entertainment (TDE). He began to gain major recognition in 2010, after his first retail release, Overly Dedicated. The following year, Lamar independently released his first studio album, Section.80, which included his debut single, "HiiiPoWeR". By that time, he had amassed a large Internet following and collaborated with several artists in the hip hop industry, including The Game, Snoop Dogg, Busta Rhymes, and Lil Wayne.
Lamar secured a major-label record deal with Aftermath and Interscope Records, in 2012. His major-label debut, good kid, m.A.A.d city, was released in October 2012 to critical success. The record contained the top 40 singles "Swimming Pools (Drank)", "Bitch, Don't Kill My Vibe", and "Poetic Justice". It debuted at number two on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart and was later certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Preceded by the Grammy Award-winning single "i", Lamar released his third album To Pimp a Butterfly in 2015 to universal acclaim. The album drew on free jazz, funk, soul, and spoken word, debuted atop the charts in the U.S. and the UK, and won the Grammy Award for Best Rap Album at the 58th ceremony. In 2016, Lamar released untitled unmastered., a collection of unreleased demos that originated during the recording sessions for Butterfly.
Lamar has received a number of accolades over the course of his career, including seven Grammy Awards. In early 2013, MTV named Lamar the number one "Hottest MC in the Game", on their annual list. Time named Lamar one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2016. Aside from his solo career, Lamar is also known as a member of the West Coast hip hop supergroup Black Hippy, alongside his TDE label-mates and fellow South Los Angeles-based rappers Ab-Soul, Jay Rock and Schoolboy Q.
- 1 Life and career
- 2 Artistry
- 3 Recognition
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Discography
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Life and career
1987–2009: Early life and work
Lamar was born in Compton, California, the son of a couple from Chicago, Illinois. His first name was given to him by his mother in honor of singer Eddie Kendricks. In 1995, at the age of eight, Lamar witnessed his idols, Tupac Shakur and Dr. Dre, film the music video for their hit single "California Love", which proved to be a very significant moment in his life. As a teenager, Lamar attended Centennial High School in Compton, where he was a straight-A student.
In 2004, at the age of 16, Lamar released his first full-length project, a mixtape titled Youngest Head Nigga in Charge (Hub City Threat: Minor of the Year), under the pseudonym K-Dot. The mixtape was released under Konkrete Jungle Muzik and garnered local recognition for Lamar. The mixtape led to Lamar securing a recording contract with Top Dawg Entertainment (TDE), a newly founded indie record label, based in Carson, California. He began recording material with the label and subsequently released a 26 track mixtape two years later, titled Training Day (2005). Throughout 2006 and 2007, Lamar would appear alongside other up-and-coming West Coast rappers, such as Jay Rock and Ya Boy, as opening acts for veteran West Coast rapper The Game. Under the moniker K-Dot, Lamar was also featured on The Game's songs "The Cypha" and "Cali Niggaz".
In 2008, Lamar was prominently featured throughout the music video for Jay Rock's commercial debut single, "All My Life (In the Ghetto)", which features American hip hop superstar Lil Wayne and was backed by Warner Bros. Records. Lamar garnered further recognition after a video of a live performance of a Charles Hamilton show surfaced, in which Hamilton battled fellow rappers who were in the audience. Lamar did not hesitate and began rapping a verse over the instrumental to Miilkbone's "Keep It Real", which would later appear on a track titled "West Coast Wu-Tang".
After receiving a co-sign from Lil Wayne, Lamar released his third mixtape in 2009, titled C4, which was heavily themed around Wayne's Tha Carter III LP. Soon after, Lamar decided to drop K-Dot as his stage name and go by his birth name. He subsequently released a self-titled extended play in late 2009. That same year, Lamar formed Black Hippy, a hip hop supergroup, with his TDE label-mates: Jay Rock, Ab-Soul and Schoolboy Q.
2010–11: Overly Dedicated and Section.80
Throughout 2010, Lamar toured with Tech N9ne and Jay Rock on The Independent Grind tour. On September 14, 2010, he released the visuals for "P&P 1.5", a song taken from Overly Dedicated, featuring his Black Hippy cohort Ab-Soul. On the same date, Lamar released Overly Dedicated to digital retailers under Top Dawg Entertainment, and later on September 23, released it for free online. The project fared well enough to enter the United States Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, where it peaked at number 72.
The highly acclaimed mixtape includes a song titled "Ignorance Is Bliss", in which Lamar highlights gangsta rap and street crime, but ends each verse with "ignorance is bliss", giving the message "we know not what we do;" it was this song specifically that made hip hop producer Dr. Dre want to work with Lamar after seeing the music video on YouTube. This led to Lamar working with Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg on Dre's often-delayed Detox album, as well as speculation of Lamar signing to Dr. Dre's record label, Aftermath Entertainment. In December 2010, Complex magazine spotlighted Lamar in an edition of their "Indie Intro" series.
In January 2011, Lamar stated his next project was 90% finished. In early 2011, Lamar was included in XXL's annual Top 10 Freshman Class, and was featured on the cover alongside fellow up-and-coming rappers Cyhi the Prynce, Meek Mill, Mac Miller, Yelawolf and Big K.R.I.T., among others. On April 11, 2011, Lamar announced the title of his next full-length project to be Section.80, and the following day the first single "HiiiPoWeR" was released, the concept of which was to further explain the HiiiPoWeR movement. The song was produced by fellow American rapper J. Cole, marking their first of many collaborations to come.
On the topic of whether his next project would be an album or a mixtape, Lamar answered: "I treat every project like it's an album anyway. It's not going to be nothing leftover. I never do nothing like that. These are my leftover songs you all can have them. I'm going to put my best out. My best effort. I'm trying to look for an album in 2012." In June 2011, Lamar released "Ronald Reagan Era (His Evils)", a cut from Section.80, featuring Wu-Tang Clan leader RZA. On July 2, 2011, Lamar released Section.80, his first independent album, to critical acclaim. The album features guest appearances from GLC, Colin Munroe, Schoolboy Q, and Ab-Soul, while the production was handled by Top Dawg in-house production team Digi+Phonics as well as Wyldfyer, Terrace Martin and J. Cole. Section.80 went on to sell 5,300 digital copies in its first abbreviated week, without any television or radio coverage and received mostly positive reviews.
In August 2011, while performing at a West Los Angeles concert, Lamar was dubbed the "New King of the West Coast" by Snoop Dogg, Dr. Dre and Game. On August 24, 2011, Lamar released the music video for the popular Section.80 track, "A.D.H.D". The video was directed by Vashtie Kola who had this to say of the video: "Inspired by “A.D.H.D”s dark beat and melancholy lyrics which explore a generation in conflict, we find Kendrick Lamar in a video that illustrates the songs[sic] universal and age-old theme of apathetic youth. Shot in New York City during the sweltering July Summer heat, “A.D.H.D” is the third video to be released from Kendrick Lamar's album Section.80." In October 2011, Lamar appeared alongside fellow American rappers B.o.B, Tech N9ne, MGK, and Big K.R.I.T., in a cypher at the BET Hip Hop Awards. Also in October, Lamar partnered with Windows Phone, and crafted an original song with producer Nosaj Thing entitled "Cloud 10", to promote Microsoft's new product. During 2011, Lamar appeared on several high-profile albums including Game's The R.E.D. Album, Tech N9ne's All 6's and 7's, 9th Wonder's The Wonder Years and Canadian recording artist Drake's Grammy Award-winning Take Care, which featured Lamar on a solo track.
2012–13: good kid, m.A.A.d city and controversies
On February 15, 2012, a song by Lamar titled "Cartoon & Cereal", featuring fellow American rapper Gunplay, was leaked online. Lamar later revealed that the track was for his major-label debut studio album and that he had plans to shoot a video for it. Although the song would later be ranked #2 in Complex's Best 50 Songs of 2012 list, it would ultimately fail to appear on Lamar's debut. In February 2012, it was announced that Fader had enlisted both Kendrick Lamar and Detroit-based rapper Danny Brown, to appear on the cover of the magazine's Spring Style issue. In February, Lamar also embarked on Drake's Club Paradise Tour, opening along with fellow American rappers, ASAP Rocky and 2 Chainz.
In March 2012, MTV announced that Lamar had signed a deal with Interscope Records and Aftermath Entertainment, marking the end of his career as an independent artist. Under the new deal, Lamar's projects, including his album good kid, m.A.A.d city, would be jointly released via Top Dawg, Aftermath, and Interscope. Also in March, Lamar appeared on Last Call with Carson Daly, where he spoke on Dr. Dre and his hometown of Compton, California. On April 2, 2012, Lamar premiered his commercial debut single "The Recipe", on Big Boy's Neighborhood at Power 106. The song, which serves as the first single from his good kid, m.A.A.d city, was released for digital download the following day. The song was produced by West Coast producer Scoop DeVille and features vocals from his mentor Dr. Dre, who also mixed the record.
On May 14, 2012, J. Cole again spoke on his collaborative effort with Lamar. In an interview with Bootleg Kev, Cole stated: "I just started working with Kendrick the other day. We got it in, finally, again. We got maybe four or five [songs] together." On May 21, Lamar made his 106 & Park debut alongside Ace Hood, joining Birdman and Mack Maine on stage to perform "B Boyz". Lamar also talked about his style and sound, Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg, and his upcoming collaborative LP with J. Cole. On the same date, Lamar released "War Is My Love", an original song written and recorded for the video game Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon: Future Soldier, for which he appeared in a mini promotional clip earlier that month.
On July 31, 2012, Top Dawg, Aftermath, and Interscope serviced "Swimming Pools (Drank)" as the lead single from Lamar's debut album. The song's music video, directed by Jerome D, premiered on August 3, 2012, on 106 & Park. The song peaked at number 17 on the Billboard Hot 100 in its thirteenth week of gradually climbing up the chart. On August 15, 2012, singer Lady Gaga announced via Twitter that both had recorded a song titled "PartyNauseous" for his debut album. However, Gaga withdrew from participation in the last moment, citing that it was due to artistic differences and had nothing to do with Lamar. On August 17, 2012, Lamar released a song titled "Westside, Right on Time", featuring Southern rapper Young Jeezy. The song was released as part of the "Top Dawg Entertainment Fam Appreciation Week". During 2012, Lamar also toured with the rest of Black Hippy and MMG rapper, Stalley, on BET's Music Matters Tour.
Lamar's major-label debut, good kid, m.A.A.d city, was released on October 22, 2012. The album was met with critical acclaim and debuted at number two in the U.S., selling 242,100 copies in its first week. Later that year, Fuse TV listed Lamar's single, "Backseat Freestyle" among the top 40 songs of 2012. In a few months' time, the album was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). HipHopDX named Lamar "Emcee of the Year" for their 2012 Year-End honors. In November, after Cole posted pictures of himself and Lamar working in the studio, the latter revealed that the two are still working on a project, but an exact release date wasn't given for the joint album: "We are going to drop that out the sky though. I don't want to give dates. I'm just going to let it fall" in an interview with the LA Leakers.
On January 26, 2013, Lamar performed the album's first singles "Swimming Pools (Drank)" and "Poetic Justice" on NBC's sketch comedy and variety show, Saturday Night Live. In the same episode, Lamar also appeared alongside guest host Adam Levine and comedy band The Lonely Island, in an SNL Digital Short, which spawned the single "YOLO". On February 22, 2013, Lamar released the video for "Poetic Justice", the Janet Jackson-sampling collaboration with Canadian rapper Drake. On February 26, Lamar performed "Poetic Justice" on the Late Show with David Letterman. Just nine months after its release, good kid, m.A.A.d city was certified platinum by the RIAA, Lamar's first platinum certification.
In August 2013, Lamar's verse on the Big Sean track "Control", made waves across the hip-hop industry. In the verse, Lamar vows to lyrically "murder" every other up-and-coming rapper, namely J. Cole, Big K.R.I.T., Wale, Pusha T, Meek Mill, ASAP Rocky, Drake, Big Sean, Jay Electronica, Tyler, The Creator and Mac Miller. During the song, Lamar also calls himself the "King of New York", which caused controversy among several New York-based rappers. Many New York rappers, including Papoose, The Mad Rapper, Mickey Factz, JR Writer, Mysonne, Joell Ortiz and more, took offense to this. Furthermore, fellow American rappers such as Meek Mill, Lupe Fiasco, Cassidy, Joe Budden, King L, Bizarre and B.o.B, among many others, released a response or diss track, within a week. In the days following the track's release, Lamar's Twitter account saw a 510% increase in followers.
On September 6, 2013, American recording artist and record producer Kanye West announced he would be headlining his first solo tour in five years, in support of his sixth album Yeezus (2013), with Kendrick Lamar accompanying him on tour. The Yeezus Tour began in October. In October, it was also revealed that Lamar would be featured on Eminem's eighth studio album The Marshall Mathers LP 2. On October 15, 2013, Lamar won five awards at the BET Hip Hop Awards, including Album of the Year and Lyricist of the Year (the latter of which he had also won the year before). At the award show, Lamar performed "Money Trees", and was also featured in a cypher alongside his Top Dawg label-mates Jay Rock, Schoolboy Q, Isaiah Rashad, and Ab-Soul. During an October 2013 interview with XXL, Lamar revealed that following The Yeezus Tour, he would begin to start working on his next album.
In November 2013, he was named GQ's "Rapper of the Year," and was featured on the cover of the magazine's "Men of the Year" issue. During the interview, he stated that he would begin recording his second major-label studio album in January 2014. Following the issue's release, TDE's CEO Anthony "Top Dawg" Tiffith pulled Kendrick Lamar from performing at GQ's party that accompanies the issue, calling out writer Steve Marsh's profile, "Kendrick Lamar: Rapper of the Year," for its "racial overtones." GQ editor-in-chief Jim Nelson responded with the following statement: "Kendrick Lamar is one of the most talented new musicians to arrive on the scene in years. That's the reason we chose to celebrate him, wrote an incredibly positive article declaring him the next King of Rap, and gave him our highest honor: putting him on the cover of our Men of the Year issue. I'm not sure how you can spin that into a bad thing, and I encourage anyone interested to read the story and see for themselves."
Lamar received a total of seven Grammy nominations at the 56th Annual Grammy Awards (2014), including Best New Artist, Album of the Year, and Best Rap Song, but did not win in any category. Many publications felt that The Recording Academy snubbed Lamar, as well as Seattle-based rapper Macklemore, who won Best Rap Album – category for which Lamar was also nominated. At the ceremony, Lamar performed "M.A.A.D City" and a remix of "Radioactive" in a mash-up with American rock band Imagine Dragons at the awards ceremony. The remix was again performed by Lamar and the band on February 1, 2014, during the airing of Saturday Night Live, marking Lamar's second appearance on the show.
2014–present: To Pimp a Butterfly and untitled unmastered.
In an interview with Billboard in February 2014, Lamar stated he was planning to put out a new album the next September. During the same interview, which also included Schoolboy Q, Anthony "Top Dawg" Tiffith, and Dave Free, the possibility of a debut effort from the Black Hippy collective appearing in 2014 was announced. On July 31, 2014, it was announced that Lamar would premiere his short film m.A.A.d at Sundance's inaugural NEXT Fest in Los Angeles on August 9. The film is inspired by good kid, m.A.A.d city, and was directed by Kahlil Joseph, who had previously worked with Lamar on the Yeezus Tour.
On September 23, 2014, Lamar released "i" as the first single from his third album. On November 15, 2014, Lamar once again appeared on Saturday Night Live as the musical guest, where he performed "i" and "Pay for It", appearing alongside Jay Rock. Through his appearance, with blackout contacts and his braids partly out, Lamar paid homage to New York-based rapper Method Man, whose debut album Tical celebrated its 20th anniversary that day. In December 2014, it was announced that Lamar had started a partnership with sportswear brand Reebok. On December 17, 2014, Lamar debuted a new untitled song on one of the final episodes of The Colbert Report.
In early 2015, Lamar won Best Rap Performance and Best Rap Song for his song "i" at the 57th Annual Grammy Awards. On February 9, 2015, he released his third album's second single, titled "The Blacker the Berry". Originally expected to be released on March 23, 2015, his new album To Pimp a Butterfly was released a week early on March 16, 2015 to rave reviews. The album debuted atop the U.S. Billboard 200 chart selling 324,000 copies in its first week, and established Spotify's global first-day streaming record (9.6 million). Lamar was later featured on the cover of Rolling Stone, with editor Josh Eells writing he's "arguably the most talented rapper of his generation."
On May 17, 2015, Lamar featured on the official remix of Taylor Swift's song "Bad Blood", as well as appearing in the music video. The single reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100. To Pimp a Butterfly produced other three singles with accompanying music videos, "King Kunta", "Alright" and "These Walls". The music video for "Alright" received four nominations at the 2015 MTV Video Music Awards, including Video of the Year and Best Male Video. The song "For Free? (Interlude)" also featured a music video, as did "u" with "For Sale" as part of the short film "God Is Gangsta". In October 2015, Lamar announced the Kunta's Groove Sessions Tour, which included eight shows in eight cities. In early 2016, Kanye West released the track "No More Parties in L.A." on his official SoundCloud, a collaboration featuring Lamar and produced by West and Madlib. Lamar also performed a new song, "Untitled II" on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon in January.
Lamar won five Grammys at the 58th ceremony, including Best Rap Album for To Pimp a Butterfly. Other nominations included Album of the Year and Song of the Year. At the ceremony, Lamar performed a medley of "The Blacker the Berry" and "Alright". It was ranked by Rolling Stone and Billboard as the best moment of the night, with the latter writing "It was easily one of the best live TV performances in history."
On March 4, 2016, Lamar released a compilation album untitled unmastered., containing eight untitled tracks, each dated. Lamar later confirmed that the tracks were unfinished demos from the recording of To Pimp a Butterfly. The compilation album debuted atop the U.S. Billboard 200.
Kendrick Lamar has stated that Tupac Shakur, The Notorious B.I.G., Jay Z, Nas, and Eminem are his top five favorite rappers. Tupac Shakur is his biggest influence, and has influenced not only his music, but his day-to-day lifestyle as well. In a 2011 interview with Rolling Stone, Lamar mentioned Mos Def and Snoop Dogg as rappers that he listened to and took influence from during his early years. He also cites Yonkers-based rapper DMX as an influence: "[DMX] really [got me started] on music," explained Lamar in an interview with Philadelphia's Power 99. "That first album [It's Dark and Hell Is Hot] is classic, [so he had an influence on me]."
In a September 2012 interview, Lamar stated Detroit-based rapper Eminem "influenced a lot of my style" and has since credited Eminem for his own aggression, on records such as "Backseat Freestyle". Lamar also gave Lil Wayne's work in Hot Boyz credit for influencing his style and praised his longevity. He has said that he also grew up listening to Rakim, Dr. Dre, and Tha Dogg Pound. In January 2013, when asked to name three rappers that have played a role in his style, Lamar said: "It's probably more of a west coast influence. A little bit of Kurupt, Pac, with some of the content of Cube." In a November 2013 interview with GQ, when asked "The Four MC's That Made Kendrick Lamar?", he answered Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg and Mobb Deep, namely Prodigy. Lamar professed to having been influenced by jazz trumpeter Miles Davis and Parliament-Funkadelic during the recording of To Pimp a Butterfly.
On the topic of his music genre, Lamar has said: "You really can't categorize my music, it's human music." Lamar's projects are usually concept albums. Critics found Good Kid, M.A.A.D City heavily influenced by West Coast hip hop and 90s gangsta rap. His third studio album, To Pimp a Butterfly, incorporates elements of funk, free jazz, soul and spoken word poetry.
Lamar has won seven Grammy Awards. He received a total of seven nominations at the 56th Grammy Awards in 2014, including Album of the Year for good kid, m.A.A.d city. At the 57th Grammy Awards in 2015, his single "i" earned him his first two wins: Best Rap Song and Best Rap Performance. Lamar received his second Album of the Year nomination at the 58th Grammy Awards for To Pimp a Butterfly, also leading the list with 11 categories. For the latter, he went on to pass Eminem as the rapper with the most nominations in a single night, and second overall behind Michael Jackson, who holds the record of 12 nominations since 1984. Lamar was the most-awarded artist at the ceremony with five, including Best Rap Album. The rapper appeared for the first time on the Time 100 list of most influential people in 2016.
Lamar has received two civic honors. On May 11, 2015, he received the California State Senate's Generational Icon Award from State Senator Isadore Hall III (D–Compton) who represents California's 35th district. From the senate floor, Lamar told the legislature, "Being from the City of Compton and knowing the parks that I played at and the neighborhoods, I always thought how great the opportunity would be to give back to my community off of what I do in music." On February 13, 2016, Mayor of Compton, California Aja Brown presented Lamar with the key to the city, for "representing Compton's evolution, embodying the New Vision for Compton."
His debut major-label release, good kid, m.A.A.d city, was named one of "The 100 Best Debut Albums of All Time" by Rolling Stone. To Pimp a Butterfly was ranked by many publications as the best album of 2015. Billboard critics commented "Twenty years ago, a conscious rap record wouldn't have penetrated the mainstream in the way Kendrick Lamar did with To Pimp A Butterfly. His sense of timing is impeccable. In the midst of rampant cases of police brutality and racial tension across America, he spews raw, aggressive bars while possibly cutting a rug," while Pitchfork editors noted it "forced critics to think deeply about music. It's an album by the greatest rapper of his generation." Producer Tony Visconti stated David Bowie's album Blackstar (2016) was influenced by Lamar's work, "we were listening to a lot of Kendrick Lamar [...] we loved the fact Kendrick was so open-minded and he didn't do a straight-up hip-hop record. He threw everything on there, and that's exactly what we wanted to do." In 2015, Billboard included Lamar in "The 10 Greatest Rappers of All-Time." Complex magazine has ranked Lamar atop "The 20 Best Rappers in Their 20s" annual lists in 2013, 2015 and 2016.
In April 2015, Lamar became engaged to his longtime girlfriend, Whitney Alford.
Lamar is the cousin of basketball player Nick Young. He is a Christian, and the introductory lines to his album Good Kid, M.A.A.D City include a form of the Sinner's Prayer. His song "i" discusses his Christian faith.
- untitled unmastered. (2016)
- The Kendrick Lamar EP (2009)
- List of artists who reached number one in the United States
- List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. Rhythmic chart
- List of hip hop musicians
- List of people from California
- Music of California
- "Kendrick Lamar Brings Crown To Compton As 'Hottest MC In The Game". MTV. March 7, 2013. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- "Time 100: Kendrick Lamar". Time. April 21, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
- Jay Rock, Kendrick Lamar, Ab-Soul and Schoolboy Q form quasi-supergroup Black Hippy. Los Angeles Times. (August 17, 2010). Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- Born and raised in Compton, Kendrick Lamar Hides a Poet's Soul Behind "Pussy & Patron". LA Weekly (January 20, 2011). Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- (2013-09-18) Kendrick Lamar Reacts to Ice Cube's Praise & Discusses Life in Compton with Arsenio. YouTube. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- (2011-08-31) Kendrick Lamar: Origins Of Excellence Pt. 3. YouTube. Retrieved September 12, 2011.
- "Kendrick Lamar Talks J. Cole, XXL Freshman 2011, KiD CuDi, etc (Video)". 2Dopeboyz. Complex Music. December 31, 2010. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- Graham, Nadine. (January 6, 2011) Kendrick Lamar: The West Coast Got Somethin' To Say | Rappers Talk Hip Hop Beef & Old School Hip Hop. HipHop DX. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "Kendrick Lamar - Track 1 (Hova Intro Freestyle)". That New Jam. 2013-03-05. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- Ozone Magazine » Issue #84 Patiently Waiting » Issue #84 – Patiently Waiting: Kendrick Lamar. Ozonemag.com (June 23, 2010). Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "The Black Wall Street Journal, Vol. 1 – Game > Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
- You Know What It Is Vol. 4: Murda Game Chronicles (track listing). Game. The Black Wall Street Records. 2007.
- Kendrick Lamar C4 Mixtape DatPiff (January 30, 2009) DatPiff. Retrieved July 8, 2011
- Kendrick Lamar - Kendrick Lamar (EP) . 2dopeboyz (September 14, 2010). Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "Kendrick Lamar – P&P 1.5 f. Ab-Soul (Video)". 2Dopeboyz. Complex Music. September 14, 2010. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- "Overly Dedicated (Explicit): Kendrick Lamar". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- "Kendrick Lamar – O.D. (Mixtape)". 2Dopeboyz. Complex Music. September 23, 2010. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar – Chart History: R&B/Hip-Hop Albums". Billboard. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- Hanna, Mitchell. (September 27, 2010) Mixtape Release Dates: Kendrick Lamar, K-Os, Terrace Martin, Sheek Louch | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales. HipHop DX. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- Double G News Network: GGN Ep. 2 - Special Super Hard Hitting Interview with Kendrick Lamar. YouTube. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- Jacobs, Allen. (December 17, 2010) Dr. Dre Says In 2011, He's Focusing On West Coast Hip Hop – Kendrick Lamar, Slim da Mobster | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales. HipHop DX. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- Paine, Jake (December 25, 2010). "Kendrick Lamar Reacts To Dr. Dre's Cosign, Considering Aftermath". HipHopDX. Retrieved December 25, 2010.
- Kendrick Lamar Says J. Cole Collabo Mixtape is Gonna "Shock The World". Xxlmag.Com. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- Cho, Danielle (December 2, 2010). "Indie Intro: 5 Things You Need To Know About Kendrick Lamar". Complex Music. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- The 2011 XXL Freshmen. Xxlmag.Com. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- "Kendrick Lamar's 3rd Solo Album…". 2Dopeboyz. April 11, 2011. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar - HiiiPoWeR (prod. by J. Cole)". 2Dopeboyz. April 13, 2011. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- Harling, Danielle (May 16, 2011). "Kendrick Lamar Hoping To Release Studio Album Next Year". HipHopDX. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar – Ronald Reagan Era (His Evils) f. RZA". 2Dopeboyz. June 17, 2011. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- "Hip Hop Album Sales: The Week Ending 7/3/2011 | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHopDX. 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- Gale, Alex (May 23, 2013). "20 Legendary Hip-Hop Concert Moments". Complex. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
- "Dream Urban Presents : Kendrick Lamar Experience (Snoop Dogg Passes Torch)". YouTube. August 22, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar - A.D.H.D (Video)". 2Dopeboyz. August 24, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- "2011 BET Awards: Cyphers (Video)". 2Dopeboyz. October 11, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- Kuperstein, Slava (October 4, 2011). "Kendrick Lamar "Cloud 10 [Prod. Nosaj Thing]"". HipHopDX. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar Kicks Off Hottest Breakthrough MCs!". MTV. December 7, 2011. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- "Kendrick Lamar f. Gunplay - Cartoon & Cereal | New Hip Hop Music & All The New Rap Songs 2011". HipHop DX. February 14, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- "Studio Life: Kendrick Lamar talks Club Paradise Tour & "Cartoons & Cereal"". YouTube. February 27, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- Martin, Andrew (December 11, 2012). "Kendrick Lamar f/ Gunplay "Cartoon & Cereal" - The 50 Best Songs of 2012 - Complex". Complex.
- "Kendrick Lamar & Danny Brown Cover FADER". 2Dopeboyz. Complex Music. February 20, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- Alexis, Nadeska (March 8, 2012). "Kendrick Lamar, Black Hippy Ink Deals With Interscope And Aftermath". MTV. Retrieved March 8, 2012.
- "Kendrick Lamar On Last Call With Carson Daly (Video)". 2Dopeboyz. Complex Music. March 27, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- "NEWS: J. COLE GIVES HIS TAKE ON WHY NAS/AZ & MF DOOM/GHOSTFACE JOINTS AREN'T DROPPIN'". SOHH.com. March 2, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar on 106 & Park (Video)". 2Dopeboyz. Complex Music. May 21, 2012. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar – War Is My Love". 2Dopeboyz. Complex Music. May 21, 2012. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar & Lady Gaga – "PARTYNAUSEOUS"". Retrieved 2015-10-03.
- "Lady Gaga Explains Why Kendrick Lamar Collab Not on Album". Popdust.com. Retrieved 2015-10-03.
- "Kendrick Lamar featuring Young Jeezy – Westside, Right On Time". Retrieved August 19, 2012.
- Isenberg, Daniel (September 16, 2012). "Photo Recap: Kendrick Lamar, ScHoolboy Q, Ab-Soul, and Stalley Rock BET's Music Matters Tour in D.C.". Complex. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar Debut Sales: 242,122". Hitsdailydouble.com. October 30, 2012. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- "The 40 Best Songs of 2012: Fuse Staff Picks". Fuse. December 24, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
- "The 2012 HipHopDX Year End Awards | Discussing Lil' Wayne, Drake & Many More Hip Hop Artists". HipHopDX. 2012-12-18. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- Rebello, Ian (November 13, 2012). "Kendrick Lamar and J. Cole Collaboration Album Will Have No Release Date, Will "Drop Out The Sky"". The Versed. Freshcom Media LLC. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- Markman, Rob (January 22, 2013). "Kendrick Lamar To 'SNL': 'Put Me In One Of Those Skits!'". MTV News. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar Performs On Saturday Night Live (Video)". 2DopeBoyz. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- "The Lonely Island – YOLO f. Adam Levine & Kendrick Lamar". 2DopeBoyz. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- Battan, Carrie (February 22, 2013). "Watch: Kendrick Lamar and Drake Star in a Story of Love and Murder in the Video for "Poetic Justice"". PitchforkMedia. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- Young, Alex (February 27, 2013). "Watch Kendrick Lamar perform 'Poetic Justice' on David Letterman". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar Receives Platinum Plaque For good kid, m.A.A.d city". 2Dopeboyz. Complex Music. June 30, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar Says He's "Trying To Murder" Drake, J. Cole, Wale On Big Sean's "Control"". Andres Tardio. August 13, 2013. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
- "Control" responses
- Manfred, Tony (August 13, 2013). "Kendrick Lamar Verse On 'Control' Stuns Rap Game". Business Insider. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- "Kendrick Lamar's Verse on Big Sean's "Control" is Amazing - New Song - Fuse". Fuse.tv. August 13, 2013. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- "Joell Ortiz - Outta Control (Response to Kendrick Lamar) | New Hip Hop Music & All The New Rap Songs 2011". HipHop DX. August 13, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "B.o.B, Fred The Godson And Los Respond To Kendrick Lamar - XXL". Xxlmag.com. August 14, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "Cassidy "Control (Freestyle)"". Complex. August 14, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "JR Writer - Control Yourself (Control Response) - download and stream". AudioMack. August 14, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "Mad Rapper Kendrick Lamar "Control"". Complex. August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "Joe Budden "Control (Remix)"". Complex. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- Gruger, William (August 22, 2013). "Kendrick Lamar's 'Control' Feature Yields 510% Gain in Twitter Followers". Billboard. New York. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
- "ACTUAL ARTICLE TITLE BELONGS HERE!". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- "ACTUAL ARTICLE TITLE BELONGS HERE!". Glide Magazine. Glidemagazine.com. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- "MMLP2 Tracklisting | NOV.5.2013". EMINEM. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- "2013 BET Hip Hop Awards: The Complete Winners List". MTV News.
- "2013 BET Hip Hop Awards: Performances". 2dopeboyz.com. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "2013 BET Cypher: TDE w/ Kendrick Lamar, ScHoolboy Q, Ab-Soul, Jay Rock & Isaiah Rashad (Video)". 2dopeboyz.com. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "Kendrick Lamar On TDE, His "Control" Verse And Fame From XXL's Oct/Nov Cover Story - XXL". Xxlmag.com. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "Kendrick Lamar on Drake: "[We're] Pretty Cool, and I Would Be Okay If We Weren't"". MissInfo.tv. 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- Golden, Zara (2013-11-11). "Kendrick Lamar Talks Drake in GQ's Men of the Year Issue". The Fader. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "Kendrick Lamar Named GQ's Rapper of the Year, Talks About Drake: "[We're] Pretty Cool, and I Would Be Okay if We Weren't"". Complex. 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "5 Things XXL Learned From Kendrick Lamar's GQ Story - XXL". Xxlmag.com. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- Ortiz, Edwin (2013-11-15). "TDE CEO Attacks GQ Story on Kendrick Lamar as Having "Racial Overtones," Pulls Lamar From GQ Party". Complex. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "Kendrick Lamar's Camp Takes Aim At GQ's 'Racial' Man Of The Year Cover Story". MTV. 2013-11-15. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "TDE Slams GQ Over Kendrick Lamar Story | Music Matters | News". BET. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "Kendrick Lamar Pulled From GQ Party in Response to Mag Profile". Gawker.com. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "GQ Responds To Kendrick Lamar Controversy". Stereogum. 2013-11-19. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "GQ 'Mystified' At Kendrick Lamar Cover Controversy". MTV. 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "Grammy Awards 2014: Full Nominations List". Billboard. 2013-12-06. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "Kendrick Lamar Responds to Macklemore Grammys Snub: Everything Happens for a Reason | E! Online UK". E!. January 29, 2014. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- Emmanuel C.M. (January 29, 2014). "Exclusive: Kendrick Lamar Says "Everything Happens For A Reason" After Grammy Snub - XXL". Xxlmag.com. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- Sperry, April (January 26, 2014). "Here Are The Biggest Snubs Of The 2014 Grammys". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- Llacoma, Janice (January 26, 2014). "Kendrick Lamar & Imagine Dragons "m.A.A.d city" & "Radioactive" (2014 GRAMMY Performance)". HipHopDX. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
- Minsker, Evan. "Watch: Kendrick Lamar Joins Imagine Dragons on "Saturday Night Live"". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "Top Dawg's Kendrick Lamar & ScHoolboy Q Cover Story: Enter the House of Pain". Billboard. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- "Kendrick Lamar To Debut". HotNewHipHop. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- Frydenlund, Zach (September 23, 2014). "Listen to Kendrick Lamar's "I"". Complex. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
- "Kendrick Lamar Makes a Triumphant Return to 'SNL'". Rolling Stone.
- "Kendrick Lamar Performs "i", "Pay for It" With Jay Rock on "Saturday Night Live"". Pitchfork Media.
- "AllHipHop » Kendrick Lamar Pays Homage To Method Man During SNL Performance (VIDEO)". AllHipHop.
- Marissa G. Muller (December 10, 2014). "Kendrick Lamar Is Reebok's New Brand Ambassador". MTV. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
- "Kendrick Lamar Debuts New Song on 'The Colbert Report'". Pitchfork Media.
- "Watch Kendrick Lamar Debut A New Song On Colbert". Stereogum.
- "Taylor Swift Cries Tears of Joy Over Kendrick Lamar's Grammy Wins". Billboard.
- "Kendrick Lamar premieres 'The Blacker The Berry', his intense, racially-charged new single — listen". Consequence of Sound.
- Ryan, Patrick (March 16, 2015). "Kendrick Lamar's new album arrives early". USA Today. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- Caulfield, Keith (March 25, 2015). "Kendrick Lamar Earns His First No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- "Yasiin Bey (Mos Def) Joined Kendrick Lamar for 'Alright' Performance at Osheaga". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. August 3, 2015. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Eells, Josh (June 22, 2015). "The Trials of Kendrick Lamar". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 17, 2016.
- "5 Influential Rappers That Broke The Mental Health Stigma". The Huffington Post. 2016-07-27.
- Strecker, Erin (May 17, 2015). "Taylor Swift's 'Bad Blood' Video Premieres". Billboard. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Trust, Gary (May 27, 2015). "Taylor Swift's 'Bad Blood' Blasts to No. 1 on Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- "2015 MTV Video Music Awards Nominees Revealed: Taylor Swift, Kendrick Lamar, Ed Sheeran & More". Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- Stutz, Colin (July 31, 2015). "Kendrick Lamar Goes 'Looney' Living the American Dream in 'For Free?' Video: Watch". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
- Blistein, Jon (December 31, 2015). "Kendrick Lamar Confronts Demons, Temptation in 'God Is Gangsta' Short". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- "Kendrick Lamar announces the Kunta's Groove Sessions Tour". rap-up. October 5, 2015. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
- "Kanye West Drops 'No More Parties in L.A.' With Kendrick Lamar". Rolling Stone. January 18, 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
- "Kendrick Lamar Unveils Powerful New Song 'Untitled 2' on 'Fallon'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- "Grammys 2016: The Complete Winners List". Rolling Stone. February 16, 2016. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- "Grammy Nominations 2016: See the Full List of Nominees". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. December 7, 2015. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- Lynch, Joe (February 16, 2016). "2016 Grammys Performances Ranked From Worst to Best". Billboard. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- Rolling Stone staff (February 16, 2016). "Grammys 2016: 20 Best and Worst Moments". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 17, 2016.
- Payne, Chris (February 16, 2016). "The Best & Worst Moments of the 2016 Grammys". Billboard. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- "untitled unmastered.". iTunes Store (US). Retrieved March 3, 2016.
- "New Kendrick Lamar Project untitled unmastered. Surfaces Online". Pitchfork. March 3, 2016. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
- Gordon, Jeremy (March 4, 2016). "Kendrick Lamar Releases New Album untitled unmastered.". Pitchfork. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
- Caulfield, Keith (March 13, 2016). "Kendrick Lamar's Surprise 'Untitled' Album Debuts at No. 1 on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Retrieved March 13, 2016.
- "Kendrick Lamar defines HiiiPower & having a vision of 2pac". YouTube. July 13, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- "Kendrick Lamar 'HiiiPOWER' OFFICIAL MUSIC VIDEO". YouTube. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- Barshad, Amos (October 23, 2011). "Kendrick Lamar Makes New Friends". Retrieved May 2, 2015.
- Kuperstein, Slava (September 23, 2012). "Kendrick Lamar Cites DMX As An Influence & Discusses Learning From Dr. Dre's Mistakes". HipHopDX. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- "Kendrick Lamar Says Eminem "Definitely" Influenced His Style, Calls Him A "Genius"". YouTube. September 28, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- "Kendrick Lamar Says 'Backseat Freestyle' Was Influenced By Eminem". Vibe. October 14, 2013. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- "Kendrick Lamar Explains How Lil Wayne Influenced His Style | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHopDX. 2012-12-17. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "Kendrick Lamar Wants To Rap With Jay-Z & Nas, Says He's "On Their Toes" | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHopDX. 2012-12-21. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- Ryon, Sean (January 28, 2013). "Kendrick Lamar Says He's A Mixture Of Kurupt, Tupac & Ice Cube | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHop DX. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- Marsh, Steve (November 13, 2013). "The Four MC's That Made Kendrick Lamar: The Q". GQ. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- "Tracklisting: Kendrick Lamar – 'To Pimp a Butterfly'". Rap-Up. March 13, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- "Video: Kendrick Lamar: "You Really Can't Categorize My Music, It's Human Music."". youheardthatnew.com.
- "Kendrick Lamar talks J Cole, XXL Freshmen, Kid Cudi, Human Music". Music and Wisdom.
- Ken Capobianco (October 22, 2012). "Kendrick Lamar, 'good kid, m.A.A.d city'". The Boston Globe. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- Jody Rosen (October 22, 2012). "good kid, m.A.A.d city". Rolling Stone. New York. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- Andres Hale (February 9, 2016). "The Oral History Of Kendrick Lamar's To Pimp A Butterfly". The Recording Academy. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
- "Grammy Awards 2016: Kendrick Lamar made history with an unapologetically black album". Los Angeles Times. December 7, 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
- Grow, Kory (May 12, 2015). "Kendrick Lamar Named 'Generational Icon' by California Senate". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- "Kendrick Lamar to Receive Key to Compton". Rolling Stone. January 14, 2016. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
- "The 100 Best Debut Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. March 22, 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
- "The 50 Best Albums of 2015". Rolling Stone. December 1, 2015. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- "The Best Albums of 2015". The New York Times. December 9, 2015. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
- "Billboard.com's 25 Best Albums of 2015: Critics' Picks". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. December 15, 2015. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- "Staff Lists: The 50 Best Albums of 2015". Pitchfork Media. December 16, 2015. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
- Greene, Andy (November 23, 2015). "The Inside Story of David Bowie's Stunning New Album, 'Blackstar'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 6, 2015.
- Billboard staff (November 12, 2015). "The 10 Best Rappers of All Time". Billboard. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
- Complex staff (June 4, 2013). "The 20 Best Rappers in Their 20s (Right Now)". Complex Media. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
- Complex staff (August 7, 2015). "The 20 Best Rappers in Their 20s (Right Now)". Complex Media. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- Complex staff (October 11, 2016). "The 20 Best Rappers in Their 20s (Right Now)". Complex. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- "Kendrick Lamar Engaged to Whitney Alford". People. April 3, 2015. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "Lakers News: Nick Young Discusses His Swaggy Fashion and Kendrick Lamar". Lakers Nation. 2014-01-24. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "Kendrick Lamar: "All I Am Is a Vessel, Doing His Work."". Relevant Magazine. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
He talks about how he became a Christian (a friend's grandmother led him to Christ in the parking lot of a Food 4 Less), his vices (or lack thereof—he "rarely" drinks or smokes) and how he perceives himself. For many fans, "I'm the closest thing to a preacher that they have," Mr. Lamar, 27, said from the couch of a Santa Monica studio where he recorded much of the new album. "I know that from being on tour – kids are living by my music." However, he added: "My word will never be as strong as God's word. All I am is just a vessel, doing his work."
- Borquaye, Isaac (2015). "8 mainstream artists you never knew were Christian". Premier. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Funaro, Vincent (12 January 2015). "'We're in the Last Days, I Truly in My Heart Believe That,' Says Kendrick Lamar". The Christian Post. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
Lamar exploded on the hip-hop scene in 2012 when he released his critically acclaimed album Good Kid M.A.A.D City. It became an instant classic among many listeners and his follow-up is expected out some time this year even though no release date has been confirmed. The debut featured a good amount of Christian content, including a skit where Kendrick and his friends are baptized into the faith by proclaiming Jesus Christ as their Savior. Toward the end of last year he released the first single off the album titled "i" which also touches on Christian faith.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kendrick Lamar.|