St. Paul's Within the Walls
|St. Paul's Within the Walls|
|American Church in Rome|
Italian: San Paolo dentro le Mura
|Architect(s)||George Edmund Street|
St. Paul's Within the Walls (Italian: San Paolo dentro le Mura), also known as the American Church in Rome, is a church of the Convocation of Episcopal Churches in Europe on Via Nazionale in Castro Pretorio, Rome. It was the first Protestant church to be built in Rome. Designed by English architect George Edmund Street in Gothic Revival style, it was built in polychrome brick and stone, and completed in 1880.
Burne-Jones was eager to emulate the mosaics of Ravenna, which he had visited in 1873.
Burne-Jones designed cartoons which he sent to Venice, together with specifications for the colours to be used. The Venice and Murano Glass and Mosaic Company mounted tesserae onto the cartoons, and the resulting assemblies were then installed in the church. The selection of colours, based on sample tiles sent to England by the company, was a collaboration between Burne-Jones and William Morris. Burne-Jones did not travel to Italy to supervise the work, instead sending his assistant, Thomas Rooke.
There are four Burne-Jones mosaics. The Annunciation and The Tree of Life, both completed in 1894, are over successive arches of the chancel, leading towards the apse, whose semi-dome displays Christ Enthroned in the Heavenly Jerusalem, completed in 1885. The fourth mosaic, known as The Earthly Paradise or The Church Militant, lower down on the wall of the apse, was completed in 1907 by Rooke, after Burne-Jones's death.
Burne-Jones set the Annunciation scene in a desert, while The Tree of Life shows Christ in the pose of crucifixion but superimposed on a verdant tree. In the depiction of the Heavenly Jerusalem, Christ is flanked by archangels, with an empty space representing Lucifer's vacated position. The fourth mosaic includes figures with faces modelled on contemporary people.
The church also contains mosaics by the American artist George Breck.
Joel Nafuma Refugee Center (JNRC)
Located at St. Paul's Within the Walls Episcopal Church, the Joel Nafuma Refugee Center (JNRC) is a day center for refugees in the heart of Rome, founded in 1982.
The scope of services offered in the center range from basic assistance to settlement services, and aim to address the needs of the whole person. Staff and volunteers accompany guests in their struggle to rebuild their lives through ongoing art and psychotherapy programs and legal support. This spectrum of services aims to address the immediate and urgent needs of newly arrived guests, as well as the needs of guests who (due to the Dublin Regulation) will seek to rebuild their lives in Italy.
- All Saints' Church, Rome (Anglican, also by G. E. Street)
- American Cathedral in Paris
- American Church in Paris
- American Church in Berlin
- Cooper (2003), pp. 150–151.
- MacCarthy (2011), pp. 351–352.
- "San Paolo dentro le mura". monumenti.roma.it (in Italian). Associazione Culturale Info.roma.it. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
- Furnival, William James (1904). Leadless Decorative Tiles, Faience, and Mosaic, Comprising Notes and Excerpts on the History, Materials, Manufacture & Use of Ornamental Flooring Tiles, Ceramic Mosaic, and Decorative Tiles and Faience. Moscow: Ripol Classic Publishing House. p. 525. ISBN 978-1-176-32563-0.
While on either hand are the archangels: Michael is a glorious figure in armour; Uriel holds the sun; Gabriel bears the lily of the Annunciation; Chemuel, the angel of the Sangreal, stands next him with the sacred cup; and Zophiel, to his left, holds the moon.
- MacCarthy (2011), p. 353.
- Marcus (1975), p. 72.
- MacCarthy (2011), p. 355.
- MacCarthy (2011), pp. 354–357.
- Joel Nafuma Refugee Center at St. Paul's website stpaulsrome.it, accessed 17 October 2018
- JOEL NAFUMA REFUGEE CENTER 2016 Annual Program Report jnrc.it accessed 21 October 2018
- Rina G. Patel: A Place of Solace: The Joel Nafuma Refugee Center medium.com/needslist accessed 21 October 2018
- Ambassador Gingrich Presents Joel Nafuma Refugee Center with Julia Taft Refugee Fund Grant va.usembassy.gov, accessed 17 October 2018
- Cooper, Suzanne Fagence (2003). Pre-Raphaelite Art in the Victoria & Albert Museum. London: V&A Publications. ISBN 1-85177-393-2.
- MacCarthy, Fiona (2011). The Last Pre-Raphaelite: Edward Burne-Jones and the Victorian Imagination. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-22861-4.
- Rice Millon, Judith (1982). St. Paul's Within the Walls Rome. A building history and guide, 1870–1980. Dublin, New Hampshire: William L. Bauhan. ISBN 0-87233-058-3.
- Marcus, Penelope, ed. (1975). Burne-Jones: The paintings, graphic and decorative work of Sir Edward Burne-Jones 1833–98. London: Arts Council of Great Britain. ISBN 0-7287-0073-5.
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