Amiel Shomrony

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Amiel Shomrony
Born Emil Schwarz
c. 1917
Županja, Austro-Hungarian monarchy, (now Croatia)
Died 2009 (aged 92)
Israel
Nationality Croatia
Israel
Occupation Hazzan

Amiel Shomrony (born Emil Schwarz; c. 1917 – 2009) was a Croatian-Israeli Holocaust survivor, who served as cantor of the Jewish community in Zagreb and secretary of Zagreb's chief rabbi Miroslav Šalom Freiberger during World War II.

Prior to World War II Shomrony studied to be a veterinarian. In 1941, after the German invasion of Yugoslavia, Shomrony and his family were protected by Dido Kvaternik who had been his father's patient.[1]

After the establishment of the Independent State of Croatia and the enactment of race laws, he was forced to stop his studies. He was employed at the Jewish municipality in Zagreb as the secretary of the chief rabbi Miroslav Šalom Freiberger. In mid-1943 Shomrony escaped Zagreb, shortly before the city's remaining Jews were taken to Auschwitz. Route took Shomrony, his wife, daughter, and father from Zagreb to Budapest, through Romania and Bulgaria to Istanbul, and in 1944 they arrived in Palestine.[1]

Shomrony twice nominated the war-time archbishop of Zagreb Aloysius Stepinac to be listed among the Righteous Among the Nations: in 1970 and in 1994. He returned to Croatia in 1996 to participate in a conference on Stepinac. As part of the visit he appeared in the documentary film Svjedok istine.[2] Shomrony died in Israel in 2009.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Oral history interview with Amiel Shomroni". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 14 August 1992. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Kardinal Stepinac i spašavanje židova". Metro-portal.hr. 2009-01-16. Retrieved 2017-03-06. 
  3. ^ "Portal Hrvatskoga kulturnog vijeća - Portal Hrvatskoga kulturnog vijeća". Hakave.org. 2009-09-13. Retrieved 2017-03-06.