An amebocyte or amoebocyte (/əˈmiː.bə.saɪt/) is a mobile cell (moving like an amoeba) in the body of invertebrates such as echinoderms, mollusks, tunicates or sponges. They move by pseudopodia. Similarly to some of the white blood cells of vertebrates, in many species amebocytes are found in the blood or body fluid and play a role in the defense of the organism against pathogens. Depending on the species, it may also digest and distribute food, dispose of wastes, form skeletal fibers, fight infections, and change into other cell types.
In old literature, the term amebocyte is sometimes used as a synonym of phagocyte.
- Levin J, Bang F.B. (1968). "Clottable Protein in Limulus: Its Localization and Kinetics of Its Coagulation by Endotoxin". Thromb. Diath. Haemorrh 19: 186.
- "An Online Introduction to the Biology of Animals and Plants - Sponges and Cnidaria".
- "The Porifera - Invertebrate Biology Course".
- Cima, Francesca; Ballarin, Loriano; Gasparini, Fabio; Burighel, Paolo (2006-01-01). "External amebocytes guard the pharynx entry in a tunicate (Ascidiacea)". Developmental & Comparative Immunology 30 (5): 463–472. doi:10.1016/j.dci.2005.07.004.
|This invertebrate-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|