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Gruenerite Schist Metamorphic Rock North of Keystone, South Dakota 2916.jpg
Grunerite from South Dakota
Category Inosilicate
(repeating unit)
Strunz classification 9.DE.05
Crystal system Monoclinic
Crystal class Prismatic (2/m)
(same H-M symbol)
Space group C2/m
Formula mass 1,001.61 g/mol
Color Ashen, brown, brownish green, dark gray
Crystal habit Columnar
Mohs scale hardness 5 - 6
Luster Vitreous
Streak Colorless
Diaphaneity Translucent to opaque
Specific gravity 3.45
Density 3.4 - 3.5
Ultraviolet fluorescence Non-fluorescent
Other characteristics Not radioactive
References [1][2]

Grunerite is a mineral of the amphibole group of minerals with formula Fe7Si8O22(OH)2. It is the iron endmember of the grunerite-cummingtonite series. It forms as fibrous, columnar or massive aggregates of crystals. The crystals are monoclinic prismatic. The luster is glassy to pearly with colors ranging from green, brown to dark grey. The Mohs hardness is 5 to 6 and the specific gravity is 3.4 to 3.5.

It was discovered in 1853 and named after Emmanuel-Louis Gruner (1809–1883), a Swiss-French chemist who first analysed it.

Amosite (fibrous grunerite)[edit]

Amosite is a rare asbestiform variety of grunerite that was mined as asbestos predominantly in the eastern part of the Transvaal Province of South Africa. The origin of the name is Amosa, the acronym for the mining company "Asbestos Mines of South Africa".


External links[edit]