Amotape complex

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The Amotape complex is an archaeological culture on the northern coast of Peru dated to between c. 9,000 and 7,100 BCE.[1] It constitutes some of the oldest evidence for human occupation of the Peruvian coast.[2] The Amotape complex was identified by the American anthropologist James Richardson III, who located a dozen small camps in the Peruvian coastal desert at the foot of the Amotape hills, near the modern city of Talara.[when?][3] The people of the Amotope complex were hunter–gatherers who manufactured unifacial stone tools in chalcedony and quartzite to exploit a variety of local plants and animals.[4] They also collected shellfish in the mangrove swamps which covered the coastline at that time.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tom Dillehay et al, "The first settlers", p. 21.
  2. ^ Tom Dillehay et al, "The first settlers", p. 20.
  3. ^ Danièle Lavallée, The first South Americans, p. 97.
  4. ^ Tom Dillehay, The Settlement of the Americas, p. 142.
  5. ^ Michael Moseley, The Incas and their ancestors, p. 93.


  • Dillehay, Tom. The Settlement of the Americas: a new prehistory. New York: Basic Books, 2000.
  • Dillehay, Tom, Duccio Bonavia and Peter Kaulicke. "The first settlers". In Helaine Silverman (ed.), Andean archaeology. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2004, pp. 16–34.
  • Lavallée, Danièle. The first South Americans: the peopling of a continent from the earliest evidence to high culture. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2000.
  • Moseley, Michael. The Incas and their ancestors: the archaeology of Peru. London: Thames and Hudson, 2004.