Ana de Castro Osório

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Ana de Castro Osório
Ana de Castro Osório.png
Born 18 June 1872
Mangualde, Portugal
Died 23 March 1935 (1935-03-24) (aged 62)
Setúbal, Portugal
Nationality Portuguese
Occupation Writer
Known for Feminist and republican activist

Ana de Castro Osório (18 June 1872 – 23 March 1935), was a Portuguese feminist, active in the field of children's literature and political Republicanism.

Early life[edit]

Osório was born into a well-off family on June 18, 1872, her mother being Mariana Osório de Castro Cabral e Albuquerque and her father Judge João Baptista de Castro.[1] She was influenced by her parents immense library and became a writer by age 23.[1] In 1889, Osório married a republican poet and with whom she had 2 children.[1]

Public Life[edit]

In 1905, she wrote the feminist manifesto Às Mulheres Portuguesas (To Portuguese Women).[2] This work was reflected on educated women’s increasingly strong political consciousness and the involvement of women’s organizations and feminism in Republicanism.[1]

She was the founder of several women's organisations including the first feminist association, the Grupo Português de Estudos Feministas (Portuguese Group of Feminist Studies) in 1907.[1] Together with Adelaide Cabete and Fausta Pinto de Gama, they founded the Liga Republicana das Mulheres Portuguesas (Portuguese Women’s Republican League) in 1908.[3] The group called for the overthrow of the monarchy and contributed to the proclamation of the Portuguese Republic in 1910. In 1911, Osório headed the Associação de Propaganda Feminista (Portuguese Feminist Propaganda Association) which was founded by Adelaide Cabete and Carolina Beatriz Ângelo.[3] In 1917, Osório founded the Crusade of Portuguese Women which encouraged women to be active in the war effort.[4]



  1. ^ a b c d e "Feminist Writings from Ancient Times to the Modern World: A Global Sourcebook and History". ABC-CLIO. 2011. pp. 371–374. 
  2. ^ "Women Writers up to 1974" by Hilary Owen and Cláudio Pazos Alonso, chapter 14, p. 169, in A Companion to Portuguese Literature (eds. Stephen Parkinson, Cláudio Pazos Alonso and T.F. Earle), Woodbridge, Suffolk and Rochester, NY: Tamesis, ISBN 9781855661943
  3. ^ a b Janz, Oliver; Schonpflug, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Gender History in a Transnational Perspective: Networks, Biographies, Gender Orders". Berghahn Books. p. 53. 
  4. ^ "Camões Center Quarterly, Volumes 2-4". The Center. 1990. p. 33. 

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