Anderson's crocodile newt
|Anderson's crocodile newt|
Tylototriton andersoni Boulenger, 1892
Anderson's crocodile newt, Anderson's newt, Ryukyu spiny newt, or Japanese warty newt (Echinotriton andersoni) is a species of salamander in the Salamandridae family found in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan, and, at least formerly, Guanyinshan (=Mount Guanyin) in northern Taiwan, where it is now believed to be extinct.
Echinotriton andersoni is a stout, flat salamander. Head is broad and triangular in shape. There are 12–15 conspicuous knob-like lateral glands. Colouration is uniformly dark brown or black, only the underside of the tail, cloacal region, and the soles of the feet are yellow-orange. The maximum size is at least 80 mm (3.1 in) in snout–vent length and 169 mm (6.7 in) in total length.
Habitat and conservation
Its natural habitats are broad-leaved evergreen forests, secondary forests, grasslands and swamps. It has also been found in and near sugar cane fields. It breeds in standing water such as ponds and temporary pools; outside breeding season it is difficult to observe as adult salamanders live in leaf litter, in rocky crevices, and under rocks and logs.
- Anderson's salamander (Ambystoma andersoni)
- Yoshio Kaneko; Masafumi Matsui (2004). "Echinotriton andersoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Echinotriton andersoni (Boulenger, 1892)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- Sparreboom, Max; Wu, Yunke. "Echinotriton andersoni (Boulenger, 1892)". Salamanders of China LifeDesk. Retrieved 28 January 2015.