He was a trade unionist for the Federation for National Education. From 1981 to 1983, he served as Minister of Free Time. In this capacity, he developed non-profit organizations in France. He also defined free time away from work as a citizenship right, and promoted ways to spend it in a leisurely way.
- Claire Frances Ullman, The welfare state's other crisis: explaining the new partnership between nonprofit organizations and the state in France, Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1998, p. 103 
- David L. Looseley, The Politics of Fun: Cultural Policy and Debate in Contemporary France, Berg, 1997, p.71 
- Frank R. Baumgartner, Conflict and Rhetoric in French Policymaking, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1989 p. 31 
- Frank Lee Wilson, Interest-group politics in France, Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1987, p. 89 
- Peter Bramham, Leisure and urban processes: critical studies of leisure policy in Western European cities, Routledge, 1989, p.73 
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