André Lefèbvre

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André Lefèbvre (19 August 1894 – 4 May 1964) was a French automobile engineer.

André, René Lefèbvre was born in Louvres, France (North of Paris,Val d'Oise). He began his career as an aviation engineer working to Gabriel Voisin Company. He was also a racing driver and race car designer, and won the 1927 Rallye Monte Carlo.

He joined the auto-industry in 1931, working for Louis Renault. Renault was persuaded to recruit André by François Lehideux, himself a senior executive within the company (who was also married to the daughter of Renault's brother).[1]

However, André remained with Renault only till 1933, when he was hired by André Citroën for his automobile factory. After the death of Andre Citroën in 1935, he continued his work at Citroën, now led by the innovative entrepreneur Pierre-Jules Boulanger, who came to the company from Michelin.

Working with Citroën designers Flaminio Bertoni and Paul Magès, Lefèbvre created four of the most dramatic, boldly designed vehicles of 20th century:

  • Citroën Traction Avant (1934-1957) – a favourite of gangsters, the French resistance and the 'Gestapo' – a large family sedan – it was built for 23 years
  • Citroën 2CV (1948-1990) – known as "the duck" or "Tin Snail" – it was a small advanced utilitarian sedan – it was built for 42 years
  • Citroën DS (1955-1975) – seen as shark like, it was radically advanced model of a large family sedan – it was built for 20 years
  • Citroën HY (1947-1981) – a corrugated practical delivery van – it was built for 34 years

The 1955 Citroën DS placed third in the 1999 Car of the Century competition, behind the Ford Model T and BMC Mini.

Sources and further reading[edit]

  1. ^ Gijsbert-Paul Berk, Andre Lefebvre and the Cars He Created at Voisin and Citroen, Veloce Publishing Ltd, 2009, pp. 54-55