Andrew D. M. Pettegree (16 September 1957) is a British historian and one of the leading experts on the European Reformation, the history of the book and media transformations. He currently holds a professorship at St Andrews University where he is the director of the Universal Short Title Catalogue Project. He is also the founding director of the St Andrews Reformation Studies Institute.
Life and work
Educated at Oxford, Pettegree held Research Fellowships at the Universities of Hamburg and Cambridge before moving to St Andrews in 1986. In 1991 he was named the founding director of the St Andrews Reformation Studies Institute, which has since become recognised as a leading centre for research in the field.
His early work was mostly concentrated on the subject of sixteenth century immigrant communities, with two books, Foreign Protestant Communities in Sixteenth Century London (1986) and Emden and the Dutch Revolt (1992). The most influential book of this phase of his career is probably Reformation and the Culture of Persuasion (2005), a study of the process by which Reformation ideas were communicated, through the media of publications, pictures, theatre and song.
Since the publication of this work, his research has turned increasingly in a new direction, centred on the history of communication and particularly documenting the early history of print. Ten years of field work in French libraries, for which he gathered a sizable research group, culminated in 2007 with the publication of French Vernacular Books, of a complete listing of all French books published in the first age of print, 1450-1600 (co-authored with Malcolm Walsby and Alexander Wilkinson). This project was subsequently expanded into a survey of early print covering the whole of Europe, the Universal Short Title Catalogue (USTC). This free access resource was made available online in 2011. In 2016 it was expanded to encompass books published in the period 1601-1650, doubling the size of the resource.
In 2010 he published an interpretative work reassessing the early impact of the printing press, The Book in the Renaissance. Drawing heavily on the data gathered for the USTC, this suggests that to understand the impact of print we must look beyond the most notable and celebrated books of the day, and consider the more mundane projects that underpinned the economics of the print era – the 'cheap print' of pamphlets and broadsheets, many of which are documented for the first time in the Universal Short Title Catalogue. Widely praised by reviewers, The Book in the Renaissance was nominated one of the New York Times notable books of 2010, and won the Phyllis Goodhart Gordan book prize of the Renaissance Society of America.
In March 2014, he published his book The Invention of News: How the World Came to Know About Itself (Yale University Press), which was widely well-received. This charts the development of a commercial culture of news in ten countries over the five centuries before the daily newspaper emerged as the dominant form of news delivery at the beginning of the nineteenth century. The book demonstrates that this period was, like our own, a rich, multi-media environment of manuscript and print, correspondence and conversation, gossip and song. It shows in particular that newspapers were in some respects the least functional part of this system. Indeed, it would be two centuries after their invention in 1605 before newspapers became a securely established fixture of the ecology of news.
In 2015 The Invention of News won Harvard University’s Goldsmith Prize. This prize, awarded annually by the Shorenstein Center for Media, Politics and Public Policy at the Kennedy School of Government, honours the book that best fulfils the objective of improving democratic governance through an examination of the intersection between the media, politics and public policy.
Andrew Pettegree has held visiting fellowships at All Souls College, Oxford, the Scaliger Institute in Leiden, and at the Centre for Renaissance and Reformation Research at the University of Toronto. He is a former Vice-President of the Royal Historical Society. In 2015 Pettegree published a study of Martin Luther's use and mastery of the printed media. The Washington Post described this as "a remarkable story, thoroughly researched and clearly told, and one sure to change the way we think about the early Reformation." Together with Arthur der Weduwen, Pettegree published a book about the publishing industry in the Netherlands in the Dutch Golden Age. Since then, he has published two books on the invention and development of newspaper advertising, also with Arthur der Weduwen.
- News, Business and Public Information. Advertisements and Announcements in Dutch and Flemish Newspapers, 1620-1675, w. Arthur der Weduwen (Brill, 2020)
- The Dutch Republic and the Birth of Modern Advertising, w. Arthur der Weduwen (Brill, 2020)
- The Bookshop of the World. Searching for markets in the Dutch Golden Age, w. Arthur der Weduwen (Yale University Press, 2019)
- Brand Luther: 1517, Printing and the making of the Reformation (Penguin USA, 2015)
- The Invention of News: How the World Came to Know About Itself (Yale University Press, 2014)
- The Book in the Renaissance (Yale University Press, 2010)
- The French Book and the European Book World (Brill, 2007)
- Reformation and the Culture of Persuasion (Cambridge University Press, 2005)
- Europe in the Sixteenth Century (Blackwell, 2002)
- Emden and the Dutch Revolt: Exile and the Development of Reformed Protestantism (Oxford University Press, 1992)
- Foreign Protestant communities in sixteenth-century London, (Oxford University Press, 1986)
- The Early Reformation in Europe (Cambridge University Press, 1992)
- (edited with A Duke and Gillian Lewis) Calvinism in Europe, 1540-1610: A Collection of Documents (Manchester University Press, 1992)
- (edited with A Duke and Gillian Lewis) Calvinism in Europe, 1540-1620 (Cambridge University Press, 1994)
- Marian Protestantism: Six Studies (St Andrews Studies in Reformation History, 1995, 1996)
- The Reformation World (ed.) (Routledge, 2000)
- Andrew Pettegree, Malcolm Walsby & Alexander Wilkinson (eds.), French Vernacular Books. Books Published in the French Language before 1601, 2 vols. (Leiden: Brill, 2007)
- Andrew Pettegree & Malcolm Walsby (eds.), Netherlandish Books. Books Published in the Low Countries and Dutch Books Printed Abroad before 1601, 2 vols. (Leiden: Brill, 2011)
- Andrew Pettegree & Malcolm Walsby (eds.), French Books III & IV. Books published in France before 1601 in Latin and Languages other than French, 2 vols. (Leiden: Brill, 2011)
- "Professor Andrew Pettegree". School of History, University of St Andrews. Retrieved 1 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "100 Notable Books of 2010". The New York Times (Sunday Book Review, December 5, 2010). November 24, 2010. p. BR28. Retrieved 1 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "The Phyllis Goodhart Gordan Book Prize". The Renaissance Society of America. Retrieved 1 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "The Invention of News". Yale University Press. Retrieved 1 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Wilby, Peter (5 February 2014). "Newspapers: still the most important medium for understanding the world". New Statesman. Retrieved 1 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Onion, Rebecca (May 18, 2014). "Newspapers, a brief interlude in a multimedia world". The Boston Globe. Boston Globe Media Partners, LLC. Retrieved 1 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Woodard, Colin (18 December 2015). "The power of Luther's printing press". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 January 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Book presentation the bookshop of the world, Website Leiden University (March 2019)
- official webpage of the Universal Short Title Catalogue Project