Andrew Searle Hart

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Sir Andrew Searle Hart (1811–1890) was an Anglo-Irish mathematician and vice-provost of Trinity College, Dublin.


He was the youngest son of the Rev. George Vaughan Hart of Glenalla, County Donegal, by Maria Murray, daughter of the Very Rev. John Hume, dean of Derry, and was born at Limerick on (1811-03-14)14 March 1811. Entering Trinity College, Dublin, in 1828, he became the class-fellow and intimate friend of Isaac Butt, with whom he always preserved a warm friendship although they differed in politics. Hart graduated BA 1833, proceeded MA 1839, and LL.B. and LL.D. 1840. He was elected a fellow on 15 June 1835, was co-opted senior fellow 10 July 1858, and was elected vice-provost in 1876.[1]

He took an active interest in the affairs of the Irish Church, and was for many years a member of the general synod and representative church body. He obtained much reputation as a mathematician, and published useful treatises on hydrostatics and mechanics. Between 1849 and 1861 he contributed valuable papers to the Cambridge and Dublin Mathematical Journal, to the 'Proceedings of the Irish Academy,' and to the Quarterly Journal of Mathematics, chiefly on the subject of geodesic lines and on curves. On 25 January 1886 he was knighted at Dublin Castle by the lord-lieutenant, Lord Carnarvon, "in recognition of his academic rank and attainments."[1]

He died suddenly at the house of his brother-in-law, George Vaughan Hart, of Kilderry, County Donegal, on (1890-04-13)13 April 1890.[1]


He married in 1840 Frances, daughter of Sir Henry McDougall, Q.C., of Dublin; she died in 1876. Two sons, George Vaughan Hart (1841-1912), a barrister, and Henry Chichester Hart (1847-1908), a botanist and explorer, of Carrablagh House, Donegal, survived him.[1]


He was a descendant of Henry Hart, who came to Ireland with the army of Elizabeth I. Another relation, Sir Eustace Hart, married Lady Mary de Vere, a daughter of John de Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford and a sister of the 17th Earl of Oxford,[2] who is a proposed alternative to the authorship of the works by William Shakespeare.

His mother, Maria Murray Hume, was the from the same family as the philosopher David Hume. Sir Andrew's first cousin once removed was James Deacon Hume, the 18th century economist and civil servant.[3] On the Murray side, Hart was a direct descendant of the Murrays of Cockpool and of Sir William Murray, who married Isabel Randolph, a sister of Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray and a niece of Robert the Bruce[4][5][6].


  1. 'An Elementary Treatise on Mechanics,' 1844; 2nd edit. 1847.
  2. 'An Elementary Treatise on Hydrostatics and Hydrodynamics,' 1846; another edit. 1850.


  1. ^ a b c d Boase 1891.
  2. ^ Charles Mosley, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 2348.
  3. ^
  4. ^ Bain, Joseph, FSA (Scot)., The Edwards in Scotland, 1296 – 1377, Edinburgh, 1901:61 & 66
  5. ^ Weis, Fredk., Lewis, et al., The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, 5th edition, Baltimore, 2002: 50
  6. ^ Richardson, Douglas, Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore, Md., 2004: 682

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBoase, George Clement (1891). "Hart, Andrew Searle". In Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 25. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 56–57.