Andronymus caesar

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Andronymus caesar
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Hesperiidae
Genus: Andronymus
Species: A. caesar
Binomial name
Andronymus caesar
(Fabricius, 1793)[1]
Synonyms
  • Hesperia caesar Fabricius, 1793
  • Pamphila philander Hopffer, 1855
  • Andronymus hero philander
  • Apaustus leander Plötz, 1879
  • Andronymus antonius Lindsey and Miller, 1965

Andronymus caesar, the white dart or common dart, is a butterfly of the Hesperiidae family. It is found in tropical Africa. The habitat consists of forests, moist savannah and riverine bush, from sea level to altitudes of 1,500 metres.[2]

The wingspan is 38–44 mm. Adults are on wing year-round, but mainly from November to April in South Africa.[3]

The larvae feed on Macrolobium, Blighia (including Blighia unijugata), Deinbollia and Phialodiscus species.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Andronymus caesar caesar (Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo: except east and south)
  • Andronymus caesar philander (Hopffer, 1855) (Democratic Republic of the Congo: east and south to Shaba, southern Sudan, Uganda, eastern Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa: Limpopo Province to Pafuri, Mpumalanga and the Blyde River Canyon)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andronymus at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ Afrotropical Butterflies: Hesperiidae - Subfamily Hesperiinae
  3. ^ Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7.